Sigmoid Colon Cancer Quiz

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Medically Reviewed By:

Carlos Cuenca

Carlos Cuenca, MD

General surgery

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD

Gastroenterology

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Learn more about Sigmoid colon cancer

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is sigmoid colon cancer?

The sigmoid colon is the terminal portion of the large intestine/ colon before reaching the rectum. The exact cause of sigmoid colon cancer is unknown but the cancer begins when healthy cells in the colon develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. Risk factors include family history, certain hereditary cancer syndromes, diet, smoking and alcohol use.

Symptoms of sigmoid colon cancer

  • History of having blood in the stool on testing

  • Blood in stool

  • Feeling the need to pass motion even though nothing comes out

  • Abdominal pain

  • Stool has become narrower in caliber, like a pencil

  • Fatigue

  • Stomach feels bloated

  • Lower abdominal pain

Questions your doctor may ask to check for sigmoid colon cancer

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose sigmoid colon cancer

  • Have you ever had a positive stool occult blood test?

  • Is there blood in your stool?

  • Do you often have the urge to pass motion but are unable to do so?

  • Do you have abdominal pain (stomach ache)?

  • Has your stool become thin and narrow (like a pencil)?

Treatment for sigmoid colon cancer

Treatment of sigmoid colon cancer depends on the extent and how far the cancer has spread. Treatment options include surgery to remove the cancer, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

View the symptoms of Sigmoid colon cancer

Diseases related to Sigmoid colon cancer

References

  • Eder BVA, Bösmüller H, Schubert T, Bissinger AL. Sigmoid colon cancer due to Schistosomiasis. Infection. 2019 Dec;47(6):1071-1072. doi: 10.1007/s15010-019-01331-4. Epub 2019 Jun 4. PMID: 31165443.

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s15010-019-01331-4

  • Yagi Y, Shoji Y, Sasaki S, Yoshikawa A, Tsukioka Y, Fukushima W, Hirosawa H, Izumi R, Saito K. Sigmoid colon cancer arising in a diverticulum of the colon with involvement of the urinary bladder: a case report and review of the literature. BMC Gastroenterol. 2014 May 13;14:90. doi: 10.1186/1471-230X-14-90. PMID: 24884743; PMCID: PMC4030041.

    https://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-230X-14-90

Medically Reviewed By:

Carlos Cuenca

Carlos Cuenca, MD

General surgery

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD

Gastroenterology

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Developed by doctors.

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