Diabetic Retinopathy Quiz

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Learn more about Diabetic retinopathy

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that causes vision loss in patients with diabetes. due to damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Your retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of your eyes and responsible for turning the light signals your eyes receive into images in your brain. These damaged vessels in the retina will result in blurring of vision or even vision loss.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy

  • History of diabetes requiring medications

  • Poor vision

  • Blind spots or blind areas in vision

Questions your doctor may ask to check for diabetic retinopathy

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose diabetic retinopathy

  • Have you ever been treated for diabetes (including diabetes during pregnancy for women)?

  • Do you feel that your eyesight is worsening recently?

  • Do you have partial loss of vision?

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy

Treatment depends on the severity of the diabetic retinopathy. In milder cases, good control of blood sugar levels can be effective in improving vision in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Severe cases require medication injected or laser treatment to reduce the swelling and improve vision.

View the symptoms of Diabetic retinopathy

References

  • Lechner J, O'Leary OE, Stitt AW. The pathology associated with diabetic retinopathy. Vision Res. 2017 Oct;139:7-14. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2017.04.003. Epub 2017 Apr 29. PMID: 28412095.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004269891730055X?via%3Dihub

  • Cheung N, Mitchell P, Wong TY. Diabetic retinopathy. Lancet. 2010 Jul 10;376(9735):124-36. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)62124-3. Epub 2010 Jun 26. PMID: 20580421.

    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)62124-3/fulltext

  • Kollias AN, Ulbig MW. Diabetic retinopathy: Early diagnosis and effective treatment. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2010 Feb;107(5):75-83; quiz 84. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2010.0075. Epub 2010 Feb 5. PMID: 20186318; PMCID: PMC2828250.

    https://www.aerzteblatt.de/int/archive/article/67627

  • Moreno A, Lozano M, Salinas P. Diabetic retinopathy. Nutr Hosp. 2013 Mar;28 Suppl 2:53-6. doi: 10.3305/nh.2013.28.sup2.6714. PMID: 23834047.

    http://www.nutricionhospitalaria.com/pdf/6714.pdf

  • Wilkinson CP, Ferris FL 3rd, Klein RE, Lee PP, Agardh CD, Davis M, Dills D, Kampik A, Pararajasegaram R, Verdaguer JT; Global Diabetic Retinopathy Project Group. Proposed international clinical diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema disease severity scales. Ophthalmology. 2003 Sep;110(9):1677-82. doi: 10.1016/S0161-6420(03)00475-5. PMID: 13129861.

    https://www.aaojournal.org/article/S0161-6420(03)00475-5/fulltext

Reviewed By:

Masashi Mimura

Masashi Mimura, MD (Ophthalmology)

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