Necrotizing Enterocolitis Quiz

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Learn more about Necrotizing enterocolitis

Content updated on Nov 2, 2022

What is necrotizing enterocolitis?

Necrotizing enterocolitis is a serious gastrointestinal problem that mostly affects premature babies. It happens when tissue in the large intestine (colon) gets inflamed. This inflammation damages and kills some tissue in the colon.

Symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis

  • Stomach feels bloated

  • Irritability / bad mood

  • Child refuses to eat

  • Abdominal pain

  • Blood in stool

  • Breathing faster than usual

  • Child becomes fretful if the stomach is touched or rubbed

  • Nausea or vomiting

Questions your doctor may ask to check for necrotizing enterocolitis

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose necrotizing enterocolitis

  • Do you feel that your abdomen (stomach) is bloated or has a lot of gas?

  • Is your child more cranky / in a bad mood than usual?

  • Does your child refuse to feed or has problems feeding?

  • Do you have abdominal pain (stomach ache)?

  • Is there blood in your stool?

Treatment for necrotizing enterocolitis

Treatment will depend on the child’s symptoms, age, and general health. The first step in treating necrotizing enterocolitis is to stop tube or oral feedings and giving intravenous (IV) fluids and nutrients. Other treatment includes supportive therapy and intravenous antibiotic.

View the symptoms of Necrotizing enterocolitis


  • Meister AL, Doheny KK, Travagli RA. Necrotizing enterocolitis: It's not all in the gut. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2020 Jan;245(2):85-95. doi: 10.1177/1535370219891971. Epub 2019 Dec 6. PMID: 31810384; PMCID: PMC7016421.

  • Neu J. Necrotizing Enterocolitis: The Future. Neonatology. 2020;117(2):240-244. doi: 10.1159/000506866. Epub 2020 Mar 10. PMID: 32155645.

  • Alganabi M, Lee C, Bindi E, Li B, Pierro A. Recent advances in understanding necrotizing enterocolitis. F1000Res. 2019 Jan 25;8:F1000 Faculty Rev-107. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.17228.1. PMID: 30740215; PMCID: PMC6348433.

Reviewed By:

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD (Gastroenterology)

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Developed by doctors.

Ubie is supervised by 50+ medical experts worldwide

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD


Kameda Medical Center, Japan

Yu Shirai

Yu Shirai, MD


Yotsuya Yui Clinic, Japan

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Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

Co-founder of Ubie, Inc.

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Rohini R, MD

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Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN)

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