Spontaneous Pneumothorax Quiz

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Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO (Emergency department)

Dr Nanes received a doctorate from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and went on to complete a residency in emergency medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. There he trained at Froedtert Hospital and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in the practice of adult and pediatric emergency medicine. He was a chief resident and received numerous awards for teaching excellence during his time there. | | After residency he took a job at a community hospital where he and his colleagues worked through the toughest days of the COVID-19 pandemic. |

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Respiratory medicine)

Dr. Kamakura graduated from the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Dentistry, and the Niigata University School of Medicine. He trained at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital and held positions in the Respiratory Medicine departments at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ome City General Hospital, and Musashino Red Cross Hospital. In 2021, he became the specially appointed assistant professor at the Department of General Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Shortness of breath when lying down

  • Breathing out is easy but breathing in is difficult

  • Tight feeling in the chest

  • Wake up in the middle of the night with shortness of breath

  • Feeling that I am suffocating and will die from the breathlessness

  • Shortness of breath in the morning

  • Pain around the rib cage

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Learn more about Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Content updated on Jan 19, 2024

What is spontaneous pneumothorax?

Air leaks from the lungs into the space around them, sometimes with no clear cause (spontaneous pneumothorax). Risk factors include smoking, emphysema, and genetic diseases.

Symptoms of spontaneous pneumothorax

  • Chest pain when coughing or during deep breathing

  • History of recent injury to the chest

  • Feeling breathless

  • Chest pain

  • Left-sided chest pain

  • Back pain

  • Chest tightness

  • History of COPD

Questions your doctor may ask to check for spontaneous pneumothorax

  • Do you have sharp chest pain when coughing or taking a deep breath?

  • Did you injure your chest in the past month?

  • Are you having difficulty breathing?

  • Do you have chest pain?

  • Do you have pain on the left side of your chest?

Treatment for spontaneous pneumothorax

Emergency medical care is required. In mild cases, hospitalization may be needed for monitoring and oxygen while the condition resolves on its own. In some cases, air must be removed by placing a needle or tube in the chest.

View the symptoms of Spontaneous Pneumothorax

  • Shortness of breath

  • Chest pain

  • Back pain

References

  • Noppen M. Spontaneous pneumothorax: epidemiology, pathophysiology and cause. Eur Respir Rev. 2010 Sep;19(117):217-9. doi: 10.1183/09059180.00005310. PMID: 20956196.

    https://err.ersjournals.com/content/19/117/217

  • Schnell J, Koryllos A, Lopez-Pastorini A, Lefering R, Stoelben E. Spontaneous Pneumothorax. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2017 Nov 3;114(44):739-744. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2017.0739. PMID: 29169430; PMCID: PMC5719231.

    https://www.aerzteblatt.de/int/archive/article/194215

  • Gilday C, Odunayo A, Hespel AM. Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis. Top Companion Anim Med. 2021 Nov;45:100563. doi: 10.1016/j.tcam.2021.100563. Epub 2021 Jul 22. PMID: 34303864.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1938973621000568?via%3Dihub

  • Sahn SA, Heffner JE. Spontaneous pneumothorax. N Engl J Med. 2000 Mar 23;342(12):868-74. doi: 10.1056/NEJM200003233421207. PMID: 10727592.

    https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM200003233421207

  • Gilday C, Odunayo A, Hespel AM. Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Management and Prognosis. Top Companion Anim Med. 2021 Nov;45:100582. doi: 10.1016/j.tcam.2021.100582. Epub 2021 Sep 10. PMID: 34509664.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1938973621000751?via%3Dihub

User testimonials

Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO (Emergency department)

Dr Nanes received a doctorate from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and went on to complete a residency in emergency medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. There he trained at Froedtert Hospital and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in the practice of adult and pediatric emergency medicine. He was a chief resident and received numerous awards for teaching excellence during his time there. | | After residency he took a job at a community hospital where he and his colleagues worked through the toughest days of the COVID-19 pandemic. |

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Respiratory medicine)

Dr. Kamakura graduated from the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Dentistry, and the Niigata University School of Medicine. He trained at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital and held positions in the Respiratory Medicine departments at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ome City General Hospital, and Musashino Red Cross Hospital. In 2021, he became the specially appointed assistant professor at the Department of General Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine.

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