Vertebral Compression Fracture Quiz

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Medically Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency department

Tomohiro Hamahata

Tomohiro Hamahata, MD

Orthopedic surgery

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Learn more about Vertebral compression fracture

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is vertebral compression fracture?

Fracture of the spine bones. This kind of fracture usually occurs in older patients with osteoporosis (bone weakening). It can be caused by even small amounts of force e.g. falling on buttocks, lifting heavy objects. Some patients may pass it off as a normal backache, only to have diagnosed later on when an X-ray is done.

Symptoms of vertebral compression fracture

  • Low back pain

  • Back pain

  • History of osteoporosis / weak bones

  • Pain changes with posture

  • Lower back pain when lifting heavy things or slouching

  • History of cancer

  • Low back pain is worsened when getting up from sitting or lying position

  • Unable to lie on the back due to pain

Questions your doctor may ask to check for vertebral compression fracture

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose vertebral compression fracture

  • Do you have pain in the lumbar back?

  • Do you have back pain?

  • Have you ever been diagnosed with osteoporosis?

  • Do you feel that the pain gets worse or better when changing position or posture?

  • Did your symptoms appear when you lifted something or leaned forward?

Treatment for vertebral compression fracture

Most cases recover well with rest, pain medications and other measures like warm compresses. In some cases, bone surgery may be needed.

View the symptoms of Vertebral compression fracture

References

  • Dewar C. Diagnosis and treatment of vertebral compression fractures. Radiol Technol. 2015 Jan-Feb;86(3):301-20; quiz 321-3. PMID: 25739109.

    http://www.radiologictechnology.org/content/86/3/301.long

  • Sozzi C, Trentadue M, Nicolì L, Tavani F, Piovan E. Utility of vertebral biopsy before vertebroplasty in patients with diagnosis of vertebral compression fracture. Radiol Med. 2021 Jul;126(7):956-962. doi: 10.1007/s11547-021-01353-9. Epub 2021 Apr 12. PMID: 33843004.

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11547-021-01353-9

  • Cornelis FH, Joly Q, Nouri-Neuville M, Ben-Ammar M, Kastler B, Kastler A, Amoretti N, Hauger O. Innovative Spine Implants for Improved Augmentation and Stability in Neoplastic Vertebral Compression Fracture. Medicina (Kaunas). 2019 Jul 31;55(8):426. doi: 10.3390/medicina55080426. PMID: 31370309; PMCID: PMC6722751.

    https://www.mdpi.com/1648-9144/55/8/426

  • Feng S, Liu B, Zhang Y, Zhang X, Li Y. Two-Stream Compare and Contrast Network for Vertebral Compression Fracture Diagnosis. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2021 Sep;40(9):2496-2506. doi: 10.1109/TMI.2021.3080991. Epub 2021 Aug 31. PMID: 33999815.

    https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9432836

Medically Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency department

Tomohiro Hamahata

Tomohiro Hamahata, MD

Orthopedic surgery

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Developed by doctors.

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