Vulval Cancer Quiz

Check your symptoms and
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Reviewed By:

Seiji Kanazawa

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD (Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN))

From our team of 50+ doctors

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With an easy 3-min questionnaire, Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

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Learn more about Vulval cancer

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is vulval cancer?

Cancer of the vaginal opening. Risk factors include advanced age, infection with HPV, and smoking.

Symptoms of vulval cancer

  • Bleeding in between menstrual cycles / periods or after menopause

Questions your doctor may ask to check for vulval cancer

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose vulval cancer

  • Have you had vaginal bleeding, brown or pink colored vaginal discharge outside of your periods? Or, after the menopause?

Treatment for vulval cancer

A specialist will confirm the diagnosis and recommend a treatment plan based on factors such as the extent of the disease. The main treatment options include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy.

View the symptoms of Vulval cancer


  • Morrison J, Baldwin P, Buckley L, Cogswell L, Edey K, Faruqi A, Ganesan R, Hall M, Hillaby K, Reed N, Rolland P, Fotopoulou C. British Gynaecological Cancer Society (BGCS) vulval cancer guidelines: Recommendations for practice. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2020 Sep;252:502-525. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.05.054. Epub 2020 Jun 8. PMID: 32620514.

  • Maclean AB. Vulval cancer: prevention and screening. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2006 Apr;20(2):379-95. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2005.11.001. PMID: 16543120.

  • Sohaib SA, Moskovic EC. Imaging in vulval cancer. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2003 Aug;17(4):543-56. doi: 10.1016/s1521-6934(03)00040-3. PMID: 12965131.

Reviewed By:

Seiji Kanazawa

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD (Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN))

From our team of 50+ doctors

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

Ubie is supervised by 50+ medical experts worldwide

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD


Kameda Medical Center, Japan

Sanshiro Kato

Sanshiro Kato, MD

Emergency department

Kawai Clinic, Japan

Yu Shirai

Yu Shirai, MD


Yotsuya Yui Clinic, Japan

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

Co-founder of Ubie, Inc.

Rohini R

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

Bayshore Health Centre, India

Seiji Kanazawa

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN)

National Center for Child Health and Development, Japan

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