Congestive Heart Failure Quiz

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Tatsuya Shiraishi

Tatsuya Shiraishi, MD (Cardiology)

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Learn more about Congestive heart failure

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is congestive heart failure?

In congestive heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Blood accumulates in the heart and fluid can build up in the lungs and other organs. This is a chronic and progressive condition that can be life-threatening, leading to organ damage. It often occurs as a result of other conditions that damage or weaken the heart. Risk factors include hypertension, coronary artery disease or heart valve disease, diabetes, excessive alcohol intake, being overweight and smoking.

Symptoms of congestive heart failure

  • Swollen legs / fluid retention in the legs

  • Noisy breathing; e.g. wheezing, rattling

  • Waking up at night with difficulty in breathing

  • Difficulty breathing when lying down, which improves when sitting up

  • Facial swelling

  • Swelling of any body part

  • Hands and feet are cold

  • Feeling breathless

Questions your doctor may ask to check for congestive heart failure

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose congestive heart failure

  • Do you have swollen legs?

  • Is your breathing noisy; e.g. wheezing, rattling?

  • Have you ever woken up at night because you were breathless or struggling to breathe?

  • Do you have breathing difficulty when lying down which improves when you sit up?

  • Do you have facial swelling?

Treatment for congestive heart failure

Treatment usually involves lifestyle/ diet modification, a combination of medications and potentially surgery or other procedures. Treatment regimen depends on the severity and the underlying cause of the heart failure.

View the symptoms of Congestive heart failure


  • Price JF. Congestive Heart Failure in Children. Pediatr Rev. 2019 Feb;40(2):60-70. doi: 10.1542/pir.2016-0168. PMID: 30709972.

  • Figueroa MS, Peters JI. Congestive heart failure: Diagnosis, pathophysiology, therapy, and implications for respiratory care. Respir Care. 2006 Apr;51(4):403-12. PMID: 16563194.

  • Natanzon A, Kronzon I. Pericardial and pleural effusions in congestive heart failure-anatomical, pathophysiologic, and clinical considerations. Am J Med Sci. 2009 Sep;338(3):211-6. doi: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3181a3936f. PMID: 19574887.

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Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD


Kameda Medical Center, Japan

Yu Shirai

Yu Shirai, MD


Yotsuya Yui Clinic, Japan

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

Co-founder of Ubie, Inc.

Rohini R

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

Bayshore Health Centre, India

Seiji Kanazawa

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN)

National Center for Child Health and Development, Japan

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