Diffuse Axon Injury Quiz

Check your symptoms and
find possible causes with AI for free

Reviewed By:

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD (Neurology)

Dr Kummer is Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), with joint appointment in Digital and Technology Partners (DTP) at the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) as Director of Clinical Informatics in Neurology. As a triple-board certified practicing stroke neurologist and informaticist, he has successfully improved clinical operations at the point of care by acting as a central liaison between clinical neurology faculty and DTP teams to implement targeted EHR configuration changes and workflows, as well as providing subject matter expertise on health information technology projects across MSHS. | Dr Kummer also has several years’ experience building and implementing several informatics tools, presenting scientific posters, and generating a body of peer-reviewed work in “clinical neuro-informatics” – i.e., the intersection of clinical neurology, digital health, and informatics – much of which is centered on digital/tele-health, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. He has spearheaded the Clinical Neuro-Informatics Center in the Department of Neurology at ISMMS, a new research institute that seeks to establish the field of clinical neuro-informatics and disseminate knowledge to the neurological community on the effects and benefits of clinical informatics tools at the point of care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

From our team of 50+ doctors

Content updated on May 13, 2024

Following the Medical Content Editorial Policy

Worried about your symptoms?

Choose one to start our AI Symptom Checker.

It will help us optimize further questions for you.

Shiba
Shiba

By starting the symptom checker, you agree to the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use

Find another symptom

How Ubie Can Help You

With an easy 3-min questionnaire , Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

Questions are customized to your situation and symptoms, including the following personal information:

  • Biological Sex - helps us provide relevant suggestions for male vs. female conditions.

  • Age - adjusts our guidance based on any age-related health factors.

  • History - considers past illnesses, surgeries, family history, and lifestyle choices.

Your symptoms

Input your symptoms

Our AI

Our AI checks your symptoms

Your report

You get your personalized report

Your personal report will tell you

✔︎  When to see a doctor

✔︎  What causes your symptoms

✔︎  Treatment information etc.

People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Antisocial behavior and language difficulty

  • Can't say what I want to say

  • My body is jerking

  • Feel anxiety suddenly

  • Speech is difficult and requires conscious effort

  • Can't read words like I used to

  • Twitching

Ubie Logo (White)

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

What is Diffuse Axon Injury?

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a type of damage that occurs to nerve cells as a result of traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI is most often caused by blunt head trauma. DAI is sometimes accompanied by severe alterations in someone's level of consciousness, such as lethargy or coma.

Typical Symptoms of Diffuse Axon Injury

  • Speech that does not make sense, or behavior that is strange

  • Losing consciousness

  • Seizure

  • Injury to the head

  • Decreased responsiveness/expressiveness

  • Unable to remember what I have done

  • History of dementia

  • Abnormal behavior

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Diffuse Axon Injury

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Do others think you speak incoherently or act irrationally?

  • Have you temporarily lost consciousness?

  • Have you had a seizure?

  • Did you injure your head?

  • Have others mentioned increased forgetfulness?

Treatmentof Diffuse Axon Injury

Generally, steroid medications are not routinely given to treat TBI as these medications have been associated with higher death rates than placebo. However, hospitalization and close monitoring in an ICU setting, ideally a neurological ICU, is indicated in the first several days.

Ubie Logo (White)

Think you might have
Diffuse Axon Injury

View the symptoms of Diffuse Axon Injury

References

  • Humble SS, Wilson LD, Wang L, Long DA, Smith MA, Siktberg JC, Mirhoseini MF, Bhatia A, Pruthi S, Day MA, Muehlschlegel S, Patel MB. Prognosis of diffuse axonal injury with traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Jul;85(1):155-159. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001852. PMID: 29462087; PMCID: PMC6026031.

    https://journals.lww.com/jtrauma/abstract/2018/07000/prognosis_of_diffuse_axonal_injury_with_traumatic.24.aspx

  • Davceva N, Basheska N, Balazic J. Diffuse Axonal Injury-A Distinct Clinicopathological Entity in Closed Head Injuries. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2015 Sep;36(3):127-33. doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000168. PMID: 26010053.

    https://journals.lww.com/amjforensicmedicine/abstract/2015/09000/diffuse_axonal_injury_a_distinct.2.aspx

  • Smith DH, Hicks R, Povlishock JT. Therapy development for diffuse axonal injury. J Neurotrauma. 2013 Mar 1;30(5):307-23. doi: 10.1089/neu.2012.2825. Epub 2013 Feb 14. PMID: 23252624; PMCID: PMC3627407.

    https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/neu.2012.2825

  • Li XY, Feng DF. Diffuse axonal injury: novel insights into detection and treatment. J Clin Neurosci. 2009 May;16(5):614-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2008.08.005. Epub 2009 Mar 12. PMID: 19285410.

    https://www.jocn-journal.com/article/S0967-5868(08)00464-5/fulltext

  • Faul M, Coronado V. Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury. Handb Clin Neurol. 2015;127:3-13. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52892-6.00001-5. PMID: 25702206.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780444528926000015?via%3Dihub

  • Edwards P, Arango M, Balica L, Cottingham R, El-Sayed H, Farrell B, Fernandes J, Gogichaisvili T, Golden N, Hartzenberg B, Husain M, Ulloa MI, Jerbi Z, Khamis H, Komolafe E, Laloë V, Lomas G, Ludwig S, Mazairac G, Muñoz Sanchéz Mde L, Nasi L, Olldashi F, Plunkett P, Roberts I, Sandercock P, Shakur H, Soler C, Stocker R, Svoboda P, Trenkler S, Venkataramana NK, Wasserberg J, Yates D, Yutthakasemsunt S; CRASH trial collaborators. Final results of MRC CRASH, a randomised placebo-controlled trial of intravenous corticosteroid in adults with head injury-outcomes at 6 months. Lancet. 2005 Jun 4-10;365(9475):1957-9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66552-X. PMID: 15936423.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014067360566552X?via%3Dihub

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD (Neurology)

Dr Kummer is Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), with joint appointment in Digital and Technology Partners (DTP) at the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) as Director of Clinical Informatics in Neurology. As a triple-board certified practicing stroke neurologist and informaticist, he has successfully improved clinical operations at the point of care by acting as a central liaison between clinical neurology faculty and DTP teams to implement targeted EHR configuration changes and workflows, as well as providing subject matter expertise on health information technology projects across MSHS. | Dr Kummer also has several years’ experience building and implementing several informatics tools, presenting scientific posters, and generating a body of peer-reviewed work in “clinical neuro-informatics” – i.e., the intersection of clinical neurology, digital health, and informatics – much of which is centered on digital/tele-health, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. He has spearheaded the Clinical Neuro-Informatics Center in the Department of Neurology at ISMMS, a new research institute that seeks to establish the field of clinical neuro-informatics and disseminate knowledge to the neurological community on the effects and benefits of clinical informatics tools at the point of care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

From our team of 50+ doctors

Ubie Logo (White)

Think you might have
Diffuse Axon Injury

Ubie is supervised by 50+ medical experts worldwide

Our symptom checker AI is continuously refined with input from experienced physicians, empowering them to make more accurate diagnoses.

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency Medicine

Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha Wisconsin, USA

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Internal Medicine

Signify Health

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Neurology

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Charles Carlson, DO, MS

Charles Carlson, DO, MS

Psychiatry

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Dale Mueller, MD

Dale Mueller, MD

Cardiothoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Associates

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN), Critical Care

Penn State Health

View our medical experts