Hydrocephalus Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD (Neurology)

Dr Kummer is Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), with joint appointment in Digital and Technology Partners (DTP) at the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) as Director of Clinical Informatics in Neurology. As a triple-board certified practicing stroke neurologist and informaticist, he has successfully improved clinical operations at the point of care by acting as a central liaison between clinical neurology faculty and DTP teams to implement targeted EHR configuration changes and workflows, as well as providing subject matter expertise on health information technology projects across MSHS. | Dr Kummer also has several years’ experience building and implementing several informatics tools, presenting scientific posters, and generating a body of peer-reviewed work in “clinical neuro-informatics” – i.e., the intersection of clinical neurology, digital health, and informatics – much of which is centered on digital/tele-health, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. He has spearheaded the Clinical Neuro-Informatics Center in the Department of Neurology at ISMMS, a new research institute that seeks to establish the field of clinical neuro-informatics and disseminate knowledge to the neurological community on the effects and benefits of clinical informatics tools at the point of care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

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Learn more about Hydrocephalus

Content updated on Nov 7, 2023

What is hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus refers to the abnormal flow of a naturally-occuring brain fluid (cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF) within natural brain cavities (ventricles), causing fluid buildup. This leads to swelling of the ventricles and increased pressure in the brain, which, if untreated, can cause brain damage in pressurized brain regions. Hydrocephalus is most common in infants and older adults. It has a number of causes, including certain genetic conditions, birth defects of the brain, as well as tumors, stroke, head trauma, or brain infections (such as meningitis). In many cases, the exact cause of hydrocephalus cannot be identified.

Symptoms of hydrocephalus

  • Speech that does not make sense, or behavior that is strange

  • Losing consciousness

  • History of dementia

  • Feeling flustered or scared

  • Poor memory

  • Concentration is getting worse

  • Falling frequently

  • Headache

Questions your doctor may ask to check for hydrocephalus

  • Do others think you speak incoherently or act irrationally?

  • Have you temporarily lost consciousness?

  • Have you been diagnosed with dementia?

  • Do you feel overwhelmed or frightened every day?

  • Have you been forgetful lately?

Treatment for hydrocephalus

Treatment often involves surgically inserting a tube into a cavity in the brain to drain excess fluid, or surgically inserting a drainage system, called a shunt, that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction. Medication to decrease fluid levels is also used.

View the symptoms of Hydrocephalus

References

  • Hochstetler A, Raskin J, Blazer-Yost BL. Hydrocephalus: historical analysis and considerations for treatment. European journal of medical research. 2022 Sep 1;27(1):168.

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40001-022-00798-6

  • Kahle KT, Kulkarni AV, Limbrick DD Jr, Warf BC. Hydrocephalus in children. Lancet. 2016 Feb 20;387(10020):788-99. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60694-8. Epub 2015 Aug 6. PMID: 26256071.

    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)60694-8/fulltext

  • Tully HM, Dobyns WB. Infantile hydrocephalus: a review of epidemiology, classification and causes. Eur J Med Genet. 2014 Aug;57(8):359-68. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2014.06.002. Epub 2014 Jun 13. PMID: 24932902; PMCID: PMC4334358.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1769721214001347?via%3Dihub

  • Filis AK, Aghayev K, Vrionis FD. Cerebrospinal Fluid and Hydrocephalus: Physiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Cancer Control. 2017 Jan;24(1):6-8. doi: 10.1177/107327481702400102. PMID: 28178707.

    https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/107327481702400102

User testimonials

Reviewed By:

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD (Neurology)

Dr Kummer is Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), with joint appointment in Digital and Technology Partners (DTP) at the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) as Director of Clinical Informatics in Neurology. As a triple-board certified practicing stroke neurologist and informaticist, he has successfully improved clinical operations at the point of care by acting as a central liaison between clinical neurology faculty and DTP teams to implement targeted EHR configuration changes and workflows, as well as providing subject matter expertise on health information technology projects across MSHS. | Dr Kummer also has several years’ experience building and implementing several informatics tools, presenting scientific posters, and generating a body of peer-reviewed work in “clinical neuro-informatics” – i.e., the intersection of clinical neurology, digital health, and informatics – much of which is centered on digital/tele-health, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. He has spearheaded the Clinical Neuro-Informatics Center in the Department of Neurology at ISMMS, a new research institute that seeks to establish the field of clinical neuro-informatics and disseminate knowledge to the neurological community on the effects and benefits of clinical informatics tools at the point of care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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