Ischemic Enteritis Quiz

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Medically Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency department

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD

Gastroenterology

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Learn more about Ischemic enteritis

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is ischemic enteritis?

A condition where the gut wall is damaged from insufficient blood supply. Causes include low blood pressure, drugs e.g. cocaine and methamphetamine, or clots from the heart.

Symptoms of ischemic enteritis

  • Abdominal pain

  • Blood in stool

  • Lower left abdomen or tummy pain

Questions your doctor may ask to check for ischemic enteritis

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose ischemic enteritis

  • Do you have abdominal pain (stomach ache)?

  • Is there blood in your stool?

  • Do you have pain in the bottom left area of your abdomen (stomach)?

Treatment for ischemic enteritis

This requires emergency medical care. In mild cases, antibiotics and a liquid diet can be given while monitoring for problems. However, some patients may require "clot-buster" medications through an IV or in a targeted procedure via a wire in the bloodstream. Other blood thinners may be used to keep clots from reoccuring. Severe cases may require surgery to remove parts of dead intestines.

View the symptoms of Ischemic enteritis

References

  • Takeuchi K, Komatsu Y, Nakamori Y, Kotani T. A Rat Model of Ischemic Enteritis: Pathogenic Importance of Enterobacteria, iNOS/NO, and COX-2/PGE2. Curr Pharm Des. 2017;23(27):4048-4056. doi: 10.2174/1381612823666170220154815. PMID: 28228071.

    http://www.eurekaselect.com/article/81864

  • Nakamura M, Yamamura T, Maeda K, Sawada T, Mizutani Y, Ishikawa E, Kakushima N, Furukawa K, Ishikawa T, Ohno E, Honda T, Kawashima H, Ishigami M, Fujishiro M. Clinical Features of Ischemic Enteritis Diagnosed by Double-Balloon Endoscopy. Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Apr 14;2021:8875564. doi: 10.1155/2021/8875564. PMID: 33954155; PMCID: PMC8062203.

    https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cjgh/2021/8875564/

  • Aguila EJT, Francisco CPD, Co JT. Pancreatic cancer masquerading as ischemic enteritis on endoscopy. JGH Open. 2020 Sep 30;5(1):157-159. doi: 10.1002/jgh3.12421. PMID: 33490629; PMCID: PMC7812477.

    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgh3.12421

  • Fang C, Liao X, Lu X. An Acute Progressive Ischemic Enteritis in a Young Patient. Gastroenterology. 2021 Jul;161(1):e11-e13. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2020.12.033. Epub 2020 Dec 24. PMID: 33359884.

    https://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(20)35574-8/fulltext

Medically Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency department

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD

Gastroenterology

From our team of 50+ doctors

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

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