Macular Edema Quiz

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Masashi Mimura, MD (Ophthalmology)

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Learn more about Macular edema

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is macular edema?

Macular edema is the buildup of fluid in the macula, the area in your retina responsible for central vision. Macular edema occurs when there is fluid leading to swelling in the macula. This buildup of fluid will lead to blurring of vision and vision loss in severe cases. Macular edema can be commonly caused by a blockage in your retinal arteries or veins as well as diabetes.

Symptoms of macular edema

  • Poor vision

  • Blurred vision

  • Things appear darker or dimmer than before

  • Things seem to be warped or distorted

Questions your doctor may ask to check for macular edema

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose macular edema

  • Do you feel that your eyesight is worsening recently?

  • Do you have blurry vision?

  • Do things appear darker or dimmer than before?

  • Do things in your vision look distorted?

Treatment for macular edema

Steroids and anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling are the mainstay of treatment of macular edema. These anti-inflammatory medications are usually administered via eye drops or injections into the eye. Depending on the cause of your macular edema, your doctor might recommend other procedures such as laser therapy.

View the symptoms of Macular edema


  • Wilkinson CP, Ferris FL 3rd, Klein RE, Lee PP, Agardh CD, Davis M, Dills D, Kampik A, Pararajasegaram R, Verdaguer JT; Global Diabetic Retinopathy Project Group. Proposed international clinical diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema disease severity scales. Ophthalmology. 2003 Sep;110(9):1677-82. doi: 10.1016/S0161-6420(03)00475-5. PMID: 13129861.

  • Zur D, Loewenstein A. Postsurgical Cystoid Macular Edema. Dev Ophthalmol. 2017;58:178-190. doi: 10.1159/000455280. Epub 2017 Mar 28. PMID: 28351047.

  • Holló G, Aung T, Cantor LB, Aihara M. Cystoid macular edema related to cataract surgery and topical prostaglandin analogs: Mechanism, diagnosis, and management. Surv Ophthalmol. 2020 Sep-Oct;65(5):496-512. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2020.02.004. Epub 2020 Feb 22. PMID: 32092363.

  • Jonas JB. Diabetic Macular Edema. Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2020 Sep-Oct;9(5):377-378. doi: 10.1097/APO.0000000000000324. PMID: 32932292.

Reviewed By:

Masashi Mimura

Masashi Mimura, MD (Ophthalmology)

From our team of 50+ doctors

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