Perforated Tympanic Membrane Quiz

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Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

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Learn more about Perforated tympanic membrane

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is perforated tympanic membrane?

A hole in the eardrum. It is usually caused by direct injury (e.g ear digging with buds or a slap to ear), but can also be caused by infections in the middle ear.

Symptoms of perforated tympanic membrane

  • Ear pain

  • History of injury to face

  • Hearing difficulty

  • Significant difference in hearing difficulty between my left and right ear

  • Ringing sounds in the ear, i.e. Tinnitus, on one side only

  • Ringing in the ears

Questions your doctor may ask to check for perforated tympanic membrane

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose perforated tympanic membrane

  • Do you have ear pain?

  • Have you ever been hit on the cheek, or suffered a strong blow to the face?

  • Do you have hearing problems?

  • Do you feel that there is a large difference in your hearing between left and right ear?

  • Do you have ringing in one ear only?

Treatment for perforated tympanic membrane

Most cases heal without treatment. Surgery may be considered to patch up the hole if it does not heal or repeatedly gets infected.

View the symptoms of Perforated tympanic membrane

References

  • Riutta SJ, Benson AG. Geniculate Ganglion Hemangioma Visualized Through Perforated Tympanic Membrane. Ear Nose Throat J. 2021 Sep;100(5_suppl):759S-760S. doi: 10.1177/0145561320910677. Epub 2020 Mar 3. PMID: 32126814.

    https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145561320910677

  • Wright D, Safranek S. Treatment of otitis media with perforated tympanic membrane. Am Fam Physician. 2009 Apr 15;79(8):650, 654. PMID: 19405408.

    https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2009/0415/p650.html

  • Ensari N, Gür ÖE, Öztürk MT, Süren D, Selçuk ÖT, Osma Ü. The effect of platelet-rich fibrin membrane on the repair of perforated tympanic membrane: an experimental study. Acta Otolaryngol. 2017 Jul;137(7):695-699. doi: 10.1080/00016489.2017.1282169. Epub 2017 Feb 22. PMID: 28498077.

    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00016489.2017.1282169

Medically Reviewed By:

Rohini R

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

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