Pulmonary Fibrosis Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Phillip Aguila

Phillip Aguila, MD, MBA (Respiratory medicine, Critical Care)

Eisaku Kamakura

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Respiratory medicine)

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Learn more about Pulmonary fibrosis

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is pulmonary fibrosis?

A disease where the lungs become stiff from repeated bouts of damage. The causes include autoimmune disease (where the immune system attacks the body), medications, genetic abnormalities, and dust made of fine particles. There may not be symptoms at first, but most patients will develop a dry cough and breathlessness as the condition worsens.

Symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis

  • Cough worsens with exercise

  • Feeling breathless

  • Dry cough

  • Cough that is worse at night

  • Cough

  • Bouts of violent coughing

  • Waking up at night with difficulty in breathing

  • History of connective tissue, autoimmune or rheumatic disease

Questions your doctor may ask to check for pulmonary fibrosis

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose pulmonary fibrosis

  • Does your cough worsen when you exercise?

  • Are you breathless or having hard time breathing?

  • Do you have a dry cough?

  • Is your cough worse at night?

  • Do you have a cough?

Treatment for pulmonary fibrosis

Unfortunately, this condition cannot be reversed. Treatment focuses on slowing down lung scarring and improving lung function through exercises. In severe cases, breathing oxygen at home or lung transplants may be advised.

View the symptoms of Pulmonary fibrosis

References

  • Thannickal VJ, Toews GB, White ES, Lynch JP 3rd, Martinez FJ. Mechanisms of pulmonary fibrosis. Annu Rev Med. 2004;55:395-417. doi: 10.1146/annurev.med.55.091902.103810. PMID: 14746528.

    https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev.med.55.091902.103810

  • Meyer KC. Pulmonary fibrosis, part I: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and diagnosis. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2017 May;11(5):343-359. doi: 10.1080/17476348.2017.1312346. Epub 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28345383.

    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17476348.2017.1312346

  • King TE Jr, Pardo A, Selman M. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Lancet. 2011 Dec 3;378(9807):1949-61. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60052-4. Epub 2011 Jun 28. PMID: 21719092.

    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(11)60052-4/fulltext

  • Noble PW, Barkauskas CE, Jiang D. Pulmonary fibrosis: patterns and perpetrators. J Clin Invest. 2012 Aug;122(8):2756-62. doi: 10.1172/JCI60323. Epub 2012 Aug 1. PMID: 22850886; PMCID: PMC3408732.

    https://www.jci.org/articles/view/60323

  • Chioma OS, Drake WP. Role of Microbial Agents in Pulmonary Fibrosis
. Yale J Biol Med. 2017 Jun 23;90(2):219-227. PMID: 28656009; PMCID: PMC5482299.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5482299/

Reviewed By:

Phillip Aguila

Phillip Aguila, MD, MBA (Respiratory medicine, Critical Care)

Eisaku Kamakura

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Respiratory medicine)

From our team of 50+ doctors

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

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