Sydenham chorea quiz

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Shohei Harase

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Shohei Harase, MD

Neurology

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Learn more about Sydenham chorea

Content updated on Jun 1, 2022

What is sydenham chorea?

Sydenham chorea is a rare neurological/ brain disorder characterized by sudden onset chorea, usually during childhood. Chorea is random-appearing, continuous, involuntary movements which can affect the entire body while awake. It's occurs when group A streptococcus bacteria react with a part of the brain called basal ganglia (function is to fine-tune the voluntary movements).

Symptoms related to sydenham chorea

  • Abnormal behavior

  • Uncontrollable movements

  • Difficulty in walking

  • Slurred speech

  • Fine tremor of the hands and fingers

Questions your doctor may ask to check for sydenham chorea

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose sydenham chorea

  • Have you noticed or been told that you have been acting strangely, differently from usual?

  • Do you have movements of the hands/legs/face, that you cannot control?

  • Do you have any difficulty walking?

  • Do you have slurred speech?

  • Do you have a slight trembling of your fingers?

Treatment for sydenham chorea

Treatment of Sydenham chorea include antibiotics against group A streptococcus, symptomatic (antipsychotic and anti-seizure) medications, and immunotherapy.

View the symptoms of Sydenham chorea

Diseases related to Sydenham chorea

References

  • Karalok ZS, Öztürk Z, Gunes A, Gurkas E. Sydenham Chorea: Putaminal Enlargement. J Child Neurol. 2021 Jan;36(1):48-53. doi: 10.1177/0883073820951364. Epub 2020 Aug 27. PMID: 32851928.

    https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0883073820951364

Shohei Harase

Medically Reviewed By:

Shohei Harase, MD

Neurology

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