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Your Health Questions
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Common Questions


If I get the flu, when can I return to work or school?

You should stay home from the flu until you have no fevers for 24 hours while not taking anti-fever medication and you're feeling better to go back to work or school.


How much does cataract surgery cost?

The cost of cataract surgery is going to vary significantly based on your insurance, your doctor, the exact type of surgery and where you live in the United States. Very roughly, the cost can range anywhere from $3000-$6000 per eye.


What are clubbed fingers and clubbed nails?

Clubbed fingers/clubbed nails describe a condition where the fingernails become curved from the front to the back. In essence, they start to look like "clubs".


What could be causing pain in the right side of my back?

Most commonly back pain is from a muscle cramp/spasm. However, it may also be from a broken bone, pinched nerve or pain from deeper internal organs like the lung, kidney, liver or gallbladder.


What kind of medications are used to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy (aka: BPH)?

The most common medications to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) work in two major ways: relax the smooth muscles so urine flows out more freely and shrink the size of the prostate that is blocking urine flow. Alpha-adrenergic receptor blockers (alpha-blockers) and PDE5 inhibitors are the most common and help relax smooth muscle. 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors work by shrinking the size of the prostate.


What is the life expectancy of multiple sclerosis?

While life expectancy has been increasing for people with multiple sclerosis (MS), recent evidence suggests life expectancy is lower (about 7 years) than the general population. However, there is considerable variation in disease progression on an individual basis.


What are the early symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM)?

The majority of people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) will not have symptoms. Symptoms that lead to finding HOCM are non-specific and include heart palpitations, fainting, dizzines, shortness of breath and fatigue.


How is Crohn's disease diagnosed or detected?

Crohn's disease is diagnosed by a combination of endoscopy (internal camera that looks at the stomach, intestines) and MRI or CT scans. Blood and stool samples will also be tested.


What are good foods to eat if you have anemia?

Consume foods rich in iron and vitamins such as beef, liver, fish, legumes (lentils, chickpeas) and dark leafy green vegetables.


What is the incubation period of COVID-19?

Covid-19 Symptoms typically develop within 2-14 days after exposure to the virus.


What treatments are used for Anisakiasis? Are procedures like endoscopy used?

Anisakiasis is diagnosed and can be treated with endoscpoy to remove the parasite worms.


I have been diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). What kind of follow-up and treatment is needed?

Management of other chronic diseases, a healthy diet along with regular moderate exercise and maintaining social connections are recommended. There are no particular medications specific to this condition.


What medications are used to treat ADHD?

Yes, there are several drugs to treat ADHD that are both stimulants and non-stimulants. Additionally, behavioral health therapy along with lifestyle modifications are also recommended.


Can you die from asthma?

Yes, asthma attacks can be fatal. Recognizing the signs of an asthma attack and initiating treatment quickly is critical.


How is osteoporosis diagnosed?

Diagnosis of osteoporosis is done by a bone mineral density scan (DEXA scan). Other tests that may be done include x-rays, blood and urine testing to look for an underlying cause of the osteoporosis.


Is a colonoscopy painful?

Most people have little to no pain with a colonoscopy. Patients who have had colon surgery or women who have had a hysterectomy (removal of their uterus) are at higher risk of experiencing pain.


How do you manage patients with dementia who have insomnia, agitation or aggression at night?

For most patients with dementia, ensuring cues are in place for daytime vs. nighttime, avoiding napping during the day and reviewing medications with your health care provider are critical.


What happens if tenosynovitis is left untreated?

Left untreated, tenosynovitis can lead to joint stiffness, chronic pain and loss of range of motion that may necessitate surgery to try and repair.


Are there any initial symptoms of Helicobacter pylori infection?

Most helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections result in no symptoms.


Can stress lead to or worsen narcolepsy?

Yes, stress can be a cause of or even worsen narcolepsy


Where does lung cancer tend to metastasize?

Lung cancer often metastasizes to the brain, liver, bones, and adrenal glands.


What are the initial symptoms of gonorrhea infection for men and women?

For men, symptoms may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, and testicular pain. For women, symptoms may include vaginal discharge or bleeding as well as burning with urination. However, many men and women will have no symptoms with gonorrhea, which is why routine testing or testing after potential exposure is critical.


What are signs my child may have heatstroke?

Signs of heatstroke in children include severe headache, confusion, nasuea/vomiting, rapid breathing as well as decreased sweating and urination.


How do you distinguish anal cancer from hemorrhoids?

The difference between hemorrhoids and anal cancer are the appearance and hardness. Anal cancer will feel harder than hemorrhoids and may be buldging out of the anus more.


Is there a way to cure a hoarse voice in a day?

There is no guaranteed remedy to cure hoarseness or loss of your voice in a day.


What are the classifications of sinusitis?

Sinusitis is considered acute if it lasts up to 4 weeks. It is considered chronic if symptoms persist beyond 12 weeks.


What medications are primarily used to treat spinocerebellar degeneration? Are there any side effects?

While new treatments are being investigated in clinical trials, there is not yet a FDA-approved cure for spinocerebellar degeneration disease, also known as spinocerebellar ataxia. Rather, treatment is focused on symptom management with medications for things like muscle spasms and maintenance of mobilty with exercise, physical and occupational therapy.


What specialists treat obstructive sleep apnea?

If you are concerned you have obstructive sleep apnea, you should conduct your primary care provider first for evaluation. If it is sleep apnea, a sleep medicine specialist will evaluate with a sleep study.


What are the characteristic blood test abnormalities you would see with hypophasphatasia (HPP)?

Patients with hypophasphatasia (HPP) will have blood tests that show abnormally low alkaline phosphatase (ALP), increased levels of ALP breakdown products like pyrophosphates and increased levels of calcium in the blood.


What could be causing recurrent fevers in adults at night?

Recurring fevers at night in adults may be caused by many different things like cancers, infections and autoimmune diseases.

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