Aortic Stenosis Quiz

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Tatsuya Shiraishi

Tatsuya Shiraishi, MD (Cardiology)

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Learn more about Aortic stenosis

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is aortic stenosis?

In aortic stenosis, the valve in a major blood artery branching off the heart called the aorta is narrowed. This prevents the valve from fully opening, hence limiting blood flow, making the heart work harder and eventually weakening the heart. The main cause is accumulation of calcium deposits in the valve, which increases with age.

Symptoms of aortic stenosis

  • Losing consciousness

  • History of heart murmur

  • Feeling breathless

Questions your doctor may ask to check for aortic stenosis

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose aortic stenosis

  • Have you currently regained consciousness after temporarily losing consciousness?

  • Have you ever been diagnosed with heart murmur?

  • Are you breathless or having hard time breathing?

Treatment for aortic stenosis

Mild to moderate cases usually don't require treatment. Severe aortic stenosis requires surgery.

View the symptoms of Aortic stenosis

References

  • Joseph J, Naqvi SY, Giri J, Goldberg S. Aortic Stenosis: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Therapy. Am J Med. 2017 Mar;130(3):253-263. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2016.10.005. Epub 2016 Nov 1. PMID: 27810479.

    https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(16)31073-7/fulltext

  • Ross J Jr, Braunwald E. Aortic stenosis. Circulation. 1968 Jul;38(1 Suppl):61-7. doi: 10.1161/01.cir.38.1s5.v-61. PMID: 4894151.

    https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/01.CIR.38.1S5.V-61

  • Marquis-Gravel G, Redfors B, Leon MB, Généreux P. Medical Treatment of Aortic Stenosis. Circulation. 2016 Nov 29;134(22):1766-1784. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.023997. PMID: 27895025.

    https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.116.023997

  • Zheng KH, Tzolos E, Dweck MR. Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis and Future Perspectives for Medical Therapy. Cardiol Clin. 2020 Feb;38(1):1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2019.09.010. Epub 2019 Nov 1. PMID: 31753168.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0733865119300888?via%3Dihub

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Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD

Neurology

Kameda Medical Center, Japan

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Yu Shirai, MD

Psychiatry

Yotsuya Yui Clinic, Japan

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Yoshinori Abe, MD

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Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

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National Center for Child Health and Development, Japan

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