Intestinal Perforation Quiz

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Medically Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency department

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD

Gastroenterology

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Learn more about Intestinal perforation

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is intestinal perforation?

Intestinal perforation refers to a hole in the wall of the intestines. It is a serious, painful condition that can lead to fatal complications. Causes include twisting of the intestines, inflammation, intestinal ulcers, or injury/trauma to the intestinal walls. Elderly people, people who have recently undergone abdominal surgery, and those who have a medical history of cancer or gastrointestinal problems are at a higher risk.

Symptoms of intestinal perforation

  • Abdominal pain

  • Fever

  • Sharp abdominal pain

  • Pain when pressing down on the abdomen

  • Low back pain worsens on coughing, sneezing or straining

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Loss of appetite

Questions your doctor may ask to check for intestinal perforation

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose intestinal perforation

  • Do you have abdominal pain (stomach ache)?

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Did you have a sharp, stabbing-like abdominal (tummy) pain?

  • Do you feel severe pain when pressing on your abdomen (stomach)?

  • Do you have low back pain when sneezing, coughing, or straining?

Treatment for intestinal perforation

This is a medical emergency that requires prompt medical attention. Treatment involves surgery to close the hole, with/ without removal of part of the intestines. Antibiotics and fluids would be administered.

View the symptoms of Intestinal perforation

References

  • Donahue L. Spontaneous intestinal perforation. Neonatal Netw. 2007 Sep-Oct;26(5):335-51. doi: 10.1891/0730-0832.26.5.335. PMID: 17926662.

    https://connect.springerpub.com/content/sgrnn/26/5/335

  • Hu C, Zhang H. Primary small intestinal lymphoma: A rare cause of small intestinal perforation. Asian J Surg. 2021 Nov;44(11):1443-1444. doi: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2021.07.020. Epub 2021 Jul 24. PMID: 34312049.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S101595842100405X?via%3Dihub

  • Hernández Anselmi E, Gutiérrez San Román C, Barrios Fontoba JE, Ayuso González L, Valdés Dieguez E, Lluna González J, Roca Molla A, García-Sala Viguer C, Gómez Montes J, Cortina Orts H. Intestinal perforation caused by magnetic toys. J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Mar;42(3):E13-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2006.12.066. PMID: 17336176.

    https://www.jpedsurg.org/article/S0022-3468(06)00994-8/fulltext

  • Fallon SC, Redell MS, El-Bietar J, Lopez ME, Vasudevan SA, Brandt ML. Intestinal perforation after treatment of Burkitt's lymphoma: case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Feb;48(2):436-40. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.12.002. PMID: 23414881.

    https://www.jpedsurg.org/article/S0022-3468(12)00980-3/fulltext

Medically Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency department

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD

Gastroenterology

From our team of 50+ doctors

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

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