Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Kenji Taylor, MD, MSc

Kenji Taylor, MD, MSc (Family Medicine, Primary Care)

Dr. Taylor is a Japanese-African American physician who grew up and was educated in the United States but spent a considerable amount of time in Japan as a college student, working professional and now father of three. After graduating from Brown, he worked in finance first before attending medical school at Penn. He then completed a fellowship with the Centers for Disease Control before going on to specialize in Family and Community Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) where he was also a chief resident. After a faculty position at Stanford, he moved with his family to Japan where he continues to see families on a military base outside of Tokyo, teach Japanese residents and serve remotely as a medical director for Roots Community Health Center. He also enjoys editing and writing podcast summaries for Hippo Education.

Kaito Nakamura, MD

Kaito Nakamura, MD (Rheumatology)

Dr. Nakamura is a rheumatologist who has practiced in the Ota Nishinouchi Hospital attached to Ota General Hospital, National Health Insurance Matsudo City Hospital, Chiba University Hospital, and the National Health Insurance Asahi Central Hospital.

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Content updated on Apr 4, 2024

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  • Hands and feet feel hot

  • Limbs feel hot

  • Fever then no fever then fever again

  • Burning joint pain

  • Swollen lymph nodes above collar bone

  • Periodic fever (>100.4°F / 38°C)

  • Remittent fever of 102.2°F / 39°C

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What is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)?

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a type of arthritis that occurs in children under 16 years old. It's a chronic condition characterized by joint pain and swelling that can last for months or years. It affects one or more joints for at least 6 weeks. JIA occurs when the body's immune system attacks its own tissues The cause of JIA is unknown.

Typical Symptoms of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

  • Hands and feet feel hot

  • Fever

  • Swollen lymph nodes, usually small swellings at the neck, armpits, groin and behind the ears

  • Skin over the entire body is red

  • Joints feel warm

  • Joint stiffness lasting for more than an hour in the morning

  • Repeated episodes of fever above 100.4°F / 38°C

  • Joint pain

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Are your hands or feet hot?

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Are your lymph nodes swollen and enlarged?

  • Is your whole body red?

  • Are your joints hot?

Treatmentof Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

There is no cure for JIA. Treatment is geared at reducing symptoms and slowing disease progression. Treatment includes medication to suppress the immune system, reduce inflammation and soothe joint pain. If left untreated, JIA can lead to permanent damage to and loss of function in the affected joints.

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References

  • Thatayatikom A, Modica R, De Leucio A. Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. 2023 Jan 16. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan–. PMID: 32119492.

    https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32119492/

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Kenji Taylor, MD, MSc

Kenji Taylor, MD, MSc (Family Medicine, Primary Care)

Dr. Taylor is a Japanese-African American physician who grew up and was educated in the United States but spent a considerable amount of time in Japan as a college student, working professional and now father of three. After graduating from Brown, he worked in finance first before attending medical school at Penn. He then completed a fellowship with the Centers for Disease Control before going on to specialize in Family and Community Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) where he was also a chief resident. After a faculty position at Stanford, he moved with his family to Japan where he continues to see families on a military base outside of Tokyo, teach Japanese residents and serve remotely as a medical director for Roots Community Health Center. He also enjoys editing and writing podcast summaries for Hippo Education.

Kaito Nakamura, MD

Kaito Nakamura, MD (Rheumatology)

Dr. Nakamura is a rheumatologist who has practiced in the Ota Nishinouchi Hospital attached to Ota General Hospital, National Health Insurance Matsudo City Hospital, Chiba University Hospital, and the National Health Insurance Asahi Central Hospital.

From our team of 50+ doctors

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