Mediastinal Emphysema Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO (Emergency Medicine)

Dr Nanes received a doctorate from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and went on to complete a residency in emergency medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. There he trained at Froedtert Hospital and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in the practice of adult and pediatric emergency medicine. He was a chief resident and received numerous awards for teaching excellence during his time there. | | After residency he took a job at a community hospital where he and his colleagues worked through the toughest days of the COVID-19 pandemic. |

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Pulmonology)

Dr. Kamakura graduated from the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Dentistry, and the Niigata University School of Medicine. He trained at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital and held positions in the Respiratory Medicine departments at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ome City General Hospital, and Musashino Red Cross Hospital. In 2021, he became the specially appointed assistant professor at the Department of General Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine.

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Content updated on Mar 31, 2024

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How Ubie Can Help You

With an easy 3-min questionnaire , Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

Questions are customized to your situation and symptoms, including the following personal information:

  • Biological Sex - helps us provide relevant suggestions for male vs. female conditions.

  • Age - adjusts our guidance based on any age-related health factors.

  • History - considers past illnesses, surgeries, family history, and lifestyle choices.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Shortness of breath when lying down

  • Breathing out is easy but breathing in is difficult

  • Chest pain on left side

  • Wake up in the middle of the night with shortness of breath

  • I have a pain in my neck

  • Feeling that I am suffocating and will die from the breathlessness

  • Tight feeling in the chest

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What is Mediastinal Emphysema?

A condition where air enters the mediastinum (space around the heart and food tube). Causes include severe vomiting, vigorous coughing, or direct trauma to the chest.

Typical Symptoms of Mediastinal Emphysema

  • Feeling breathless

  • Chest pain

  • Chest tightness

  • Pain across my entire chest

  • Neck pain or stiffness

  • Cough

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Discomfort in the whole body

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Mediastinal Emphysema

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Are you having difficulty breathing?

  • Do you have chest pain?

  • Do you feel tightness in your chest?

  • Do you have pain over your entire chest?

  • Do you have neck pain or stiffness?

Treatmentof Mediastinal Emphysema

Most cases don't need treatment as the body will slowly absorb the air. Breathing high concentrations of oxygen may speed up recovery. Antibiotics will be used if infection is suspected. Rarely, surgery is required if there are injuries to other organs.

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References

  • Maunder RJ, Pierson DJ, Hudson LD. Subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema. Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Arch Intern Med. 1984 Jul;144(7):1447-53. PMID: 6375617.

    https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/604688

  • Yoshimaru K, Kaku N, Taku K, Maki J, Taguchi T. Mediastinal emphysema induced by minor intraoral toothbrush injury. Pediatr Int. 2021 Apr;63(4):488-489. doi: 10.1111/ped.14528. PMID: 33881214.

    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ped.14528

  • van der Horst W, Nier H, Meyer W. Traumatic mediastinal emphysema. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg (1978). 1980;97(1):17-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00381523. PMID: 7447655.

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00381523

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO (Emergency Medicine)

Dr Nanes received a doctorate from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and went on to complete a residency in emergency medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. There he trained at Froedtert Hospital and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in the practice of adult and pediatric emergency medicine. He was a chief resident and received numerous awards for teaching excellence during his time there. | | After residency he took a job at a community hospital where he and his colleagues worked through the toughest days of the COVID-19 pandemic. |

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Pulmonology)

Dr. Kamakura graduated from the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Dentistry, and the Niigata University School of Medicine. He trained at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital and held positions in the Respiratory Medicine departments at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ome City General Hospital, and Musashino Red Cross Hospital. In 2021, he became the specially appointed assistant professor at the Department of General Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine.

From our team of 50+ doctors

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