Mediastinal emphysema quiz

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Eisaku Kamakura

Medically Reviewed By:

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Respiratory medicine

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Learn more about Mediastinal emphysema

Content updated on 2022-06-02

What is mediastinal emphysema?

A condition where air enters the mediastinum (space around the heart and food tube). Causes include severe vomiting, vigorous coughing, or direct trauma to the chest.

Symptoms related to mediastinal emphysema

  • Chest pain

  • Feeling breathless

  • Chest tightness

Questions your doctor may ask to check for mediastinal emphysema

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose mediastinal emphysema

  • Do you have any chest pain?

  • Are you breathless or having hard time breathing?

  • Do you have chest tightness?

Treatment for mediastinal emphysema

Most cases do not need treatment as the body will slowly absorb the air. Breathing high concentrations of oxygen may speed up the recovery, while a tube in the chest may be needed if the lung has collapsed. Antibiotics may be given if there is infection. Rarely, surgery is required if there are injuries to other organs.

View the symptoms of Mediastinal emphysema


Eisaku Kamakura

Medically Reviewed By:

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Respiratory medicine

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