Pneumocystis Pneumonia Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Phillip Aguila, MD, MBA

Phillip Aguila, MD, MBA (Respiratory medicine, Critical Care)

Dr. Aguila graduated from West Virginia University School of Medicine. He has trained in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at The University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill and Internal Medicine at Medical College of Pennsylvania/Hahnemann University at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. He has served as Assistant Professor since 2010.

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Respiratory medicine)

Dr. Kamakura graduated from the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Dentistry, and the Niigata University School of Medicine. He trained at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital and held positions in the Respiratory Medicine departments at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ome City General Hospital, and Musashino Red Cross Hospital. In 2021, he became the specially appointed assistant professor at the Department of General Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine.

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With an easy 3-min questionnaire, Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

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  • Pneumocystis Pneumonia as well as similar diseases can be checked at the same time.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Fever then no fever then fever again

  • Shortness of breath when lying down

  • Periodic fever (>100.4°F / 38°C)

  • Remittent fever of 102.2°F / 39°C

  • Breathing out is easy but breathing in is difficult

  • Stomach was uncomfortable, then had a fever

  • Extremely high fever of 106.7°F / 41.5°C or higher

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Learn more about Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Content updated on Jan 19, 2024

What is pneumocystis pneumonia?

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a severe infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. It is most common in people with medical conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV/AIDS, or those who take immune suppressors.

Symptoms of pneumocystis pneumonia

  • History of connective tissue, autoimmune or rheumatic disease

  • Fever

  • Feeling breathless

  • Currently undergoing chemotherapy

  • Dry cough

  • Waking up at night with difficulty in breathing

  • Cough

  • Repeated episodes of fever above 100.4°F / 38°C

Questions your doctor may ask to check for pneumocystis pneumonia

  • Have you ever been diagnosed with a connective tissue, autoimmune, or rheumatic disease?

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Are you having difficulty breathing?

  • Are you currently on chemotherapy?

  • Do you have a dry cough?

Treatment for pneumocystis pneumonia

Treatment includes antibiotics, and individuals at risk may receive antibiotics to prevent infection.

View the symptoms of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

  • Fever

  • Shortness of breath

  • Cough

  • Lethargic

References

  • White PL, Backx M, Barnes RA. Diagnosis and management of Pneumocystis jirovecii infection. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2017 May;15(5):435-447. doi: 10.1080/14787210.2017.1305887. Epub 2017 Mar 20. PMID: 28287010.

    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14787210.2017.1305887

  • Gilroy SA, Bennett NJ. Pneumocystis pneumonia. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Dec;32(6):775-82. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1295725. Epub 2011 Dec 13. PMID: 22167405.

    https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/s-0031-1295725

  • Catherinot E, Lanternier F, Bougnoux ME, Lecuit M, Couderc LJ, Lortholary O. Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2010 Mar;24(1):107-38. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2009.10.010. PMID: 20171548.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0891552009000828?via%3Dihub

  • Bateman M, Oladele R, Kolls JK. Diagnosing Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia: A review of current methods and novel approaches. Med Mycol. 2020 Nov 10;58(8):1015-1028. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myaa024. PMID: 32400869; PMCID: PMC7657095.

    https://academic.oup.com/mmy/article-abstract/58/8/1015/5836563?redirectedFrom=fulltext

  • Sokulska M, Kicia M, Wesołowska M, Hendrich AB. Pneumocystis jirovecii--from a commensal to pathogen: clinical and diagnostic review. Parasitol Res. 2015 Oct;114(10):3577-85. doi: 10.1007/s00436-015-4678-6. Epub 2015 Aug 19. PMID: 26281787; PMCID: PMC4562001.

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00436-015-4678-6

User testimonials

Reviewed By:

Phillip Aguila, MD, MBA

Phillip Aguila, MD, MBA (Respiratory medicine, Critical Care)

Dr. Aguila graduated from West Virginia University School of Medicine. He has trained in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at The University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill and Internal Medicine at Medical College of Pennsylvania/Hahnemann University at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. He has served as Assistant Professor since 2010.

Eisaku Kamakura, MD

Eisaku Kamakura, MD (Respiratory medicine)

Dr. Kamakura graduated from the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, School of Dentistry, and the Niigata University School of Medicine. He trained at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital and held positions in the Respiratory Medicine departments at Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Ome City General Hospital, and Musashino Red Cross Hospital. In 2021, he became the specially appointed assistant professor at the Department of General Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine.

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