Trigeminal Neuralgia Quiz

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Learn more about Trigeminal neuralgia

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is trigeminal neuralgia?

Trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by pain that affects the trigeminal nerve (carries sensation from the face to brain). Even a mild stimulation of your face by brushing teeth or combing hair might be a trigger. Causes include contact between a blood vessel and trigeminal nerve which puts pressure on the nerve, nerve compression by a brain tumour, stroke or trauma.

Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia

  • Headache with sharp, electric shock-like pain

  • Numbness or abnormal sensation

  • Facial pain

  • Abnormalities in sense of taste

  • Eye pain

  • Toothache

Questions your doctor may ask to check for trigeminal neuralgia

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose trigeminal neuralgia

  • Does your headache feel a sharp pain like an electric shock?

  • Do you feel any numbness or change in sensation?

  • Do you have pain in the face?

  • Have you felt your sense of taste has changed recently?

  • Do you have eye pain?

Treatment for trigeminal neuralgia

Depending on the cause of your trigeminal neuralgia, your doctor may prescribe you with medications to reduce the pain. In other cases, surgery may be recommended by your doctor to treat the cause.

View the symptoms of Trigeminal neuralgia


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  • Cruccu G, Di Stefano G, Truini A. Trigeminal Neuralgia. N Engl J Med. 2020 Aug 20;383(8):754-762. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1914484. PMID: 32813951.

  • Cruccu G. Trigeminal Neuralgia. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2017 Apr;23(2, Selected Topics in Outpatient Neurology):396-420. doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000451. PMID: 28375911.

  • Zakrzewska JM, Linskey ME. Trigeminal neuralgia. BMJ. 2015 Mar 12;350:h1238. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h1238. PMID: 25767102.

  • Liao JY, Zhou TH, Chen BK, Liu ZX. Schwann cells and trigeminal neuralgia. Mol Pain. 2020 Jan-Dec;16:1744806920963809. doi: 10.1177/1744806920963809. PMID: 33054604; PMCID: PMC7786407.

Reviewed By:

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Developed by doctors.

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Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD


Kameda Medical Center, Japan

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Sanshiro Kato, MD

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