Ulcerative Colitis Quiz

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Aiko Yoshioka, MD (Gastroenterology)

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Learn more about Ulcerative colitis

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is ulcerative colitis?

An inflammatory condition of the large intestine that damages the gut wall. The exact cause is not well known.

Symptoms of ulcerative colitis

  • Blood in stool

  • Passing out blood from the anus

  • Abnormal stool color

  • Abdominal pain

  • Abnormal stool shape or consistency

  • Passing loose stools when there is abdominal pain

  • Pass motion more frequently when there is abdominal pain

  • Abdominal pain which improves after passing stool

Questions your doctor may ask to check for ulcerative colitis

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose ulcerative colitis

  • Is there blood in your stool?

  • Are you passing out blood from the anus?

  • Is the color of your stool abnormal?

  • Do you have abdominal pain (stomach ache)?

  • Is the shape or consistency of your stool abnormal?

Treatment for ulcerative colitis

Treatment consists of medications to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. Lifestyle changes like a modified, nutritious diet will also be helpful. In severe cases, hospitalization for intravenous "drip" hydration, and surgery to remove part of the large intestine may be needed.

View the symptoms of Ulcerative colitis

References

  • Adams SM, Bornemann PH. Ulcerative colitis. Am Fam Physician. 2013 May 15;87(10):699-705. PMID: 23939448.

    https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2013/0515/p699.html

  • Ordás I, Eckmann L, Talamini M, Baumgart DC, Sandborn WJ. Ulcerative colitis. Lancet. 2012 Nov 3;380(9853):1606-19. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60150-0. Epub 2012 Aug 20. PMID: 22914296.

    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60150-0/fulltext

  • Du L, Ha C. Epidemiology and Pathogenesis of Ulcerative Colitis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2020 Dec;49(4):643-654. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2020.07.005. Epub 2020 Sep 25. PMID: 33121686.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S088985532030073X?via%3Dihub

  • Keshteli AH, Madsen KL, Dieleman LA. Diet in the Pathogenesis and Management of Ulcerative Colitis; A Review of Randomized Controlled Dietary Interventions. Nutrients. 2019 Jun 30;11(7):1498. doi: 10.3390/nu11071498. PMID: 31262022; PMCID: PMC6683258.

    https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/7/1498

  • Kaenkumchorn T, Wahbeh G. Ulcerative Colitis: Making the Diagnosis. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2020 Dec;49(4):655-669. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2020.07.001. Epub 2020 Sep 23. PMID: 33121687.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0889855320300698?via%3Dihub

Reviewed By:

Aiko Yoshioka

Aiko Yoshioka, MD (Gastroenterology)

From our team of 50+ doctors

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