Acute HIV Infection Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Saqib Baig, MD, MS (Respiratory medicine, Critical Care, Internal medicine)

Dr. Baig graduated from Army Medical College (NUST) Pakistan in 2007. He did his internal medicine training from Baltimore, Maryland, USA during the years 2009-2013. He joined the internal medicine faculty practice at Medical College of Wisconsin in USA for 2 years before pursuing advanced training. He completed his pulmonary disease and critical care medicine fellowship from Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School from 2015-2018. | | During his fellowship, Dr. Baig completed his master's in health care services management through Rutgers Business School. He currently serves as the medical director of respiratory therapy and pulmonary function lab and the clinical director of the COPD program at the Jane and Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute at Thomas Jefferson University. He holds the Assistant Professor of Medicine rank at Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University. Dr. Baig's interests lie in respiratory physiology, airways disease, and data science.

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal medicine)

Dr. Abe graduated from The University of Tokyo School of Medicine in 2015. He completed his residency at the Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Longevity Medical Center. He co-founded Ubie, Inc. in May 2017, where he currently serves as CEO & product owner at Ubie. Since December 2019, he has been a member of the Special Committee for Activation of Research in Emergency AI of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine. | | Dr. Abe has been elected in the 2020 Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia Healthcare & Science category.

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With an easy 3-min questionnaire, Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

  • Trained and reviewed by 50+ doctors, our AI Symptom Checker utilizes data from 1,500+ medical centers

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  • Acute HIV Infection as well as similar diseases can be checked at the same time.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Blood in stool

  • Fever then no fever then fever again

  • Lymph swollen

  • Diarrhea containing blood

  • Remittent fever of 102.2°F / 39°C

  • Swollen lymph nodes above collar bone

  • Stomach was uncomfortable, then had a fever

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Learn more about Acute HIV Infection

Content updated on Jan 19, 2024

What is acute HIV infection?

Acute HIV infection occurs in some people during the first 4 weeks after contracting the HIV virus. The virus rapidly attacks immune cells and causes fever, headache, and sometimes a rash. The patient is highly contagious during this time as the viral load is high. Risk factors for transmitting HIV include unprotected sexual activity and contaminated needle stick injuries (e.g., via tattoos or sharing needles). Rarely, it is transmitted through the transfusion of blood products.

Symptoms of acute HIV infection

  • History of HIV or AIDS

  • Fever

  • Repeated episodes of fever above 100.4°F / 38°C

  • Blood in stool

  • Swollen lymph nodes, usually small swellings at the neck, armpits, groin and behind the ears

  • Headache

  • Attracted to others of the same sex

  • Muscle pain

Questions your doctor may ask to check for acute HIV infection

  • Have you ever been diagnosed with HIV or AIDS?

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Do you have blood in your stool?

  • Are your lymph nodes swollen and enlarged?

  • Do you have headaches or a heavy feeling in your head?

Treatment for acute HIV infection

Lifelong antiretroviral therapy is effective in controlling HIV, reducing the viral load, preventing transmission, and suppressing viral multiplication. Early diagnosis and treatment are highly beneficial.

View the symptoms of Acute HIV Infection

References

  • Robb ML, Ananworanich J. Lessons from acute HIV infection. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2016 Nov;11(6):555-560. doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000316. PMID: 27716734; PMCID: PMC5642316.

    https://journals.lww.com/co-hivandaids/Fulltext/2016/11000/Lessons_from_acute_HIV_infection.4.aspx

  • Qadir MI, Abid A. Acute HIV Infection: Advances in Mechanisms and Prophylactic Therapeutic Management. Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr. 2017;27(1):79-90. doi: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2017019467. PMID: 28436334.

    https://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/6dbf508d3b17c437,7963fdcd2773abac,0b34160b534116b0.html

User testimonials

Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Saqib Baig, MD, MS (Respiratory medicine, Critical Care, Internal medicine)

Dr. Baig graduated from Army Medical College (NUST) Pakistan in 2007. He did his internal medicine training from Baltimore, Maryland, USA during the years 2009-2013. He joined the internal medicine faculty practice at Medical College of Wisconsin in USA for 2 years before pursuing advanced training. He completed his pulmonary disease and critical care medicine fellowship from Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School from 2015-2018. | | During his fellowship, Dr. Baig completed his master's in health care services management through Rutgers Business School. He currently serves as the medical director of respiratory therapy and pulmonary function lab and the clinical director of the COPD program at the Jane and Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute at Thomas Jefferson University. He holds the Assistant Professor of Medicine rank at Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University. Dr. Baig's interests lie in respiratory physiology, airways disease, and data science.

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal medicine)

Dr. Abe graduated from The University of Tokyo School of Medicine in 2015. He completed his residency at the Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Longevity Medical Center. He co-founded Ubie, Inc. in May 2017, where he currently serves as CEO & product owner at Ubie. Since December 2019, he has been a member of the Special Committee for Activation of Research in Emergency AI of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine. | | Dr. Abe has been elected in the 2020 Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia Healthcare & Science category.

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