Adult T-Cell Leukaemia Quiz

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Respiratory medicine, Critical Care, Internal medicine

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Internal medicine

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Learn more about Adult T-cell leukaemia

Content updated on Jun 1, 2022

What is adult T-cell leukaemia?

This aggressive cancer develops from T-cells - a type of white blood cell usually part of the body's immune system. It is rare and diagnosed in people with an average age of 55 years old. Notably, it can develop in people infected with 'human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1'.

Symptoms of adult T-cell leukaemia

  • Scaly skin that flakes off

  • Lumps under the skin

  • Reddish-brown hard lumps or bumps on the skin

Questions your doctor may ask to check for adult T-cell leukaemia

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose adult T-cell leukaemia

  • Do you have scaly skin that flakes off?

  • Do you feel a lump/lumps under your skin?

  • Do you have hard, reddish-brown lumps or bumps on the skin?

Treatment for adult T-cell leukaemia

This usually requires a specialist to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment depends on factors such as the cancer subtype. It can involve antiviral medications, chemotherapy, or a stem cell transplant. The disease is aggressive, so the treatment needs to be prompt.

View the symptoms of Adult T-cell leukaemia

References

  • Yamaguchi K, Takatsuki K. Adult T cell leukaemia-lymphoma. Baillieres Clin Haematol. 1993 Dec;6(4):899-915. doi: 10.1016/s0950-3536(05)80183-0. PMID: 8038496.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0950353605801830?via%3Dihub

Medically Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Respiratory medicine, Critical Care, Internal medicine

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Neurology

Kameda Medical Center, Japan

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Yu Shirai

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Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

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