Essential Thrombocythemia Quiz

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Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (GP / Family doctor)

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal medicine)

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Learn more about Essential thrombocythemia

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is essential thrombocythemia?

Essential thrombocythemia is a rare disorder in which the body produces too many platelets (cells in the blood that stick together to form clots). It may be caused due to several acquired gene mutations (not inherited).

Symptoms of essential thrombocythemia

  • Pain over the back of my head

  • Pain over the temples

  • Headache

  • Pain at the back of the eye

  • Forehead pain

  • Headache that affects both sides

  • Dizziness

  • I feel like I'm spinning around / vertigo

Questions your doctor may ask to check for essential thrombocythemia

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose essential thrombocythemia

  • Do you have pain behind your head?

  • Do you have pain around your temples?

  • Do you have headaches or does your head feel heavy?

  • Have you had severe headaches with deep pain in the eyes more than once a week over last 1-2 months?

  • Do you have pain around your forehead?

Treatment for essential thrombocythemia

Essential thrombocythemia is a chronic condition with no cure. Mild forms of the disease may not need treatment. Those with severe symptoms, you may need medications to lower platelet count and/ or blood thinners.

View the symptoms of Essential thrombocythemia


  • Tefferi A, Pardanani A. Essential Thrombocythemia. N Engl J Med. 2019 Nov 28;381(22):2135-2144. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1816082. PMID: 31774958.

  • Guglielmelli P, Vannucchi AM. Current management strategies for polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia. Blood Rev. 2020 Jul;42:100714. doi: 10.1016/j.blre.2020.100714. Epub 2020 Jun 3. PMID: 32546373.

  • Mora B, Passamonti F. Developments in diagnosis and treatment of essential thrombocythemia. Expert Rev Hematol. 2019 Mar;12(3):159-171. doi: 10.1080/17474086.2019.1585239. Epub 2019 Mar 13. PMID: 30793984.

  • Maleknia M, Shahrabi S, Ghanavat M, Vosoughi T, Saki N. Essential thrombocythemia: a hemostatic view of thrombogenic risk factors and prognosis. Mol Biol Rep. 2020 Jun;47(6):4767-4778. doi: 10.1007/s11033-020-05536-x. Epub 2020 May 30. PMID: 32472297.

  • Harrison CN, Green AR. Essential thrombocythemia. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2003 Oct;17(5):1175-90, vii. doi: 10.1016/s0889-8588(03)00082-0. PMID: 14560781.

Reviewed By:

Unnati Patel

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (GP / Family doctor)

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal medicine)

From our team of 50+ doctors

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

Ubie is supervised by 50+ medical experts worldwide

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD


Kameda Medical Center, Japan

Yu Shirai

Yu Shirai, MD


Yotsuya Yui Clinic, Japan

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

Co-founder of Ubie, Inc.

Rohini R

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

Bayshore Health Centre, India

Seiji Kanazawa

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN)

National Center for Child Health and Development, Japan

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