Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) Quiz

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Unnati Patel, MD, MSc

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (Primary Care Physician)

Dr Patel graduated from the Zhejiang University School of Medicine. She worked in clinical research at the University of Illinois in Chicago and University of Nevada in Las Vegas focused on culturally adapted health interventions for preventive medicine in the community setting. Received her Master's of Science in Global Health (concentration in Health Policy) from Georgetown University, during which she worked with the WHO in Sierra Leone and Save the Children in Washington, D.C. Unnati went on to complete her family medicine residency in Chicago, Illinois at Norwegian American Hospital. | | She is currently working as a primary care physician in the city of Chicago and completing her Master's of Business Administration at the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management and Fellowship in Leadership in Value-Based Care.

Rohini R, MD

Rohini R, MD (Ear, nose, throat (ENT))

Dr. Rohini R is an ENT, Head and Neck Surgeon, with a Fellowship in Advanced Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery and a Fellowship in Aesthetic Medicine and Lasers. Besides clinical practice and working with Ubie, she is actively training and mentoring medical students and residents. She has functioned in various work settings - teaching hospitals, private and free health centers, and worked with patients from all socioeconomic backgrounds due to her experience in free hospitals and volunteering in India and Singapore.

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Learn more about Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Content updated on Jan 19, 2024

What is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)?

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo occurs when calcium crystals become trapped in the semicircular canals, a part of the inner ear that controls balance. Usually, only one ear is affected. It is characterized by sudden vertigo (a feeling of instability and the room spinning) due to abrupt changes in head position.

Symptoms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

  • Dizziness

  • Nausea when moving my head

  • I feel like I'm spinning around / vertigo

  • Repeated dizziness / vertigo

  • Dizziness when turning over in bed after waking up

  • Dizziness when tilting the head upwards

  • Headache

  • Nausea or vomiting

Questions your doctor may ask to check for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

  • Are you currently dizzy?

  • Do you feel nauseous when moving your head?

  • Do you feel like your surroundings are spinning?

  • Do you experience repeated episodes of dizziness/vertigo?

  • Did you feel dizzy when you turned in bed?

Treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV may resolve on its own within a few weeks. A doctor may also perform a simple repositioning maneuver to relocate the trapped crystals causing BPPV and may recommend exercises and physical therapy.

View the symptoms of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

  • Dizziness

  • Headache

  • Nausea or vomiting

Diseases related to Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

References

  • Lou Y, Cai M, Xu L, Wang Y, Zhuang L, Liu X. Efficacy of BPPV diagnosis and treatment system for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Am J Otolaryngol. 2020 May-Jun;41(3):102412. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2020.102412. Epub 2020 Feb 4. PMID: 32057490.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0196070920300831?via%3Dihub

  • Vaduva C, Estéban-Sánchez J, Sanz-Fernández R, Martín-Sanz E. Prevalence and management of post-BPPV residual symptoms. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Jun;275(6):1429-1437. doi: 10.1007/s00405-018-4980-x. Epub 2018 Apr 23. PMID: 29687182.

    https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00405-018-4980-x

  • Jacobson GP; Editor-in-Chief. The "Reversal Nystagmus" in BPPV. J Am Acad Audiol. 2021 Jan;32(1):1-2. doi: 10.1055/s-0041-1723791. Epub 2021 Apr 19. PMID: 33873211.

    https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/abstract/10.1055/s-0041-1723791

  • Uz U, Uz D, Akdal G, Çelik O. Efficacy of Epley Maneuver on Quality of Life of Elderly Patients with Subjective BPPV. J Int Adv Otol. 2019 Dec;15(3):420-424. doi: 10.5152/iao.2019.6483. PMID: 31846923; PMCID: PMC6937179.

    https://advancedotology.org//en/efficacy-of-epley-maneuver-on-quality-of-life-of-elderly-patients-with-subjective-bppv-131456

  • BPPV - Mayo Clinic

    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vertigo/symptoms-causes/syc-20370055

User testimonials

Reviewed By:

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (Primary Care Physician)

Dr Patel graduated from the Zhejiang University School of Medicine. She worked in clinical research at the University of Illinois in Chicago and University of Nevada in Las Vegas focused on culturally adapted health interventions for preventive medicine in the community setting. Received her Master's of Science in Global Health (concentration in Health Policy) from Georgetown University, during which she worked with the WHO in Sierra Leone and Save the Children in Washington, D.C. Unnati went on to complete her family medicine residency in Chicago, Illinois at Norwegian American Hospital. | | She is currently working as a primary care physician in the city of Chicago and completing her Master's of Business Administration at the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management and Fellowship in Leadership in Value-Based Care.

Rohini R, MD

Rohini R, MD (Ear, nose, throat (ENT))

Dr. Rohini R is an ENT, Head and Neck Surgeon, with a Fellowship in Advanced Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery and a Fellowship in Aesthetic Medicine and Lasers. Besides clinical practice and working with Ubie, she is actively training and mentoring medical students and residents. She has functioned in various work settings - teaching hospitals, private and free health centers, and worked with patients from all socioeconomic backgrounds due to her experience in free hospitals and volunteering in India and Singapore.

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