Pellagra Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Saqib Baig, MD, MS (Pulmonology, Critical Care, Internal Medicine)

Dr. Baig graduated from Army Medical College (NUST) Pakistan in 2007. He did his internal medicine training from Baltimore, Maryland, USA during the years 2009-2013. He joined the internal medicine faculty practice at Medical College of Wisconsin in USA for 2 years before pursuing advanced training. He completed his pulmonary disease and critical care medicine fellowship from Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School from 2015-2018. | | During his fellowship, Dr. Baig completed his master's in health care services management through Rutgers Business School. He currently serves as the medical director of respiratory therapy and pulmonary function lab and the clinical director of the COPD program at the Jane and Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute at Thomas Jefferson University. He holds the Assistant Professor of Medicine rank at Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University. Dr. Baig's interests lie in respiratory physiology, airways disease, and data science.

Yukiko Ueda, MD

Yukiko Ueda, MD (Dermatology)

Dr. Ueda graduated from the Niigata University School of Medicine and trained at the University of Tokyo Medical School. She is currently a clinical assistant professor at the Department of Dermatology, Jichi Medical University, and holds several posts in the dermatology departments at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Komagome Hospital, University of Tokyo, and the Medical Center of Japan Red Cross Society.

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Content updated on Mar 31, 2024

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How Ubie Can Help You

With an easy 3-min questionnaire, Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

  • Trained and reviewed by 50+ doctors, our AI Symptom Checker utilizes data from 1,500+ medical centers

  • Questions are customized to your situation and symptoms

  • Pellagra as well as similar diseases can be checked at the same time.

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✔︎  What causes your symptoms

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Aches all over my body

  • Increase in dandruff

  • My body is jerking

  • Black, blue, or brown spots on the skin or elsewhere

  • Skin peeling

  • Moles or spots of different colors on skin or lining of the mouth

  • Twitching

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What is Pellagra?

Pellagra is a systemic disease caused by a severe deficiency of vitamin B3 (Niacin). A mild deficiency might go unnoticed, but a chronically low or Niacin-free diet can result in symptoms. The primary symptoms include diarrhea, skin inflammation, inflammation of the mucous linings (inside the mouth), mental confusion, and weakness. If untreated, it can lead to death.

Typical Symptoms of Pellagra

  • Pain across the entire body

  • Redness in sun-exposed areas of skin

  • Black/blue/brown spots or moles, on the skin and lining of the mouth

  • Scaly skin that flakes off

  • Seizure

  • Spots in mouth

  • Dark spots on skin

  • Scab

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Pellagra

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Do you have body-wide pain?

  • Do you have redness on sun-exposed skin?

  • Are there black, blue, or brown spots on your skin? (Including moles)

  • Do you have flaky, scaly skin?

  • Have you had a seizure?

Treatmentof Pellagra

Pellagra is treated with dietary changes and supplementation of niacin or nicotinamide (another form of vitamin B-3). These vitamins can be given orally or injected intravenously. With early treatment, many people fully recover and begin to feel better within a few days of starting treatment.

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References

  • Viljoen M, Bipath P, Tosh C. Pellagra in South Africa from 1897 to 2019: a scoping review. Public Health Nutr. 2021 Jun;24(8):2062-2076. doi: 10.1017/S1368980021001336. Epub 2021 Mar 26. PMID: 33769244.

    https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/pellagra-in-south-africa-from-1897-to-2019-a-scoping-review/5D2EC1BADFCB0360609534C552D232AF

  • PELLAGRA. JAMA. 2020 May 26;323(20):2100. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.13455. PMID: 32453356.

    https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2766404

  • Li P, Lou Y. The Pellagra Problem. JAMA. 2021 Aug 10;326(6):573. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.18074. PMID: 34374730; PMCID: PMC8709778.

    https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2782875

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Saqib Baig, MD, MS (Pulmonology, Critical Care, Internal Medicine)

Dr. Baig graduated from Army Medical College (NUST) Pakistan in 2007. He did his internal medicine training from Baltimore, Maryland, USA during the years 2009-2013. He joined the internal medicine faculty practice at Medical College of Wisconsin in USA for 2 years before pursuing advanced training. He completed his pulmonary disease and critical care medicine fellowship from Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School from 2015-2018. | | During his fellowship, Dr. Baig completed his master's in health care services management through Rutgers Business School. He currently serves as the medical director of respiratory therapy and pulmonary function lab and the clinical director of the COPD program at the Jane and Leonard Korman Respiratory Institute at Thomas Jefferson University. He holds the Assistant Professor of Medicine rank at Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University. Dr. Baig's interests lie in respiratory physiology, airways disease, and data science.

Yukiko Ueda, MD

Yukiko Ueda, MD (Dermatology)

Dr. Ueda graduated from the Niigata University School of Medicine and trained at the University of Tokyo Medical School. She is currently a clinical assistant professor at the Department of Dermatology, Jichi Medical University, and holds several posts in the dermatology departments at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Komagome Hospital, University of Tokyo, and the Medical Center of Japan Red Cross Society.

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