Encephalitis / Encephalopathy Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO (Emergency department)

Dr Nanes received a doctorate from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and went on to complete a residency in emergency medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. There he trained at Froedtert Hospital and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in the practice of adult and pediatric emergency medicine. He was a chief resident and received numerous awards for teaching excellence during his time there. | | After residency he took a job at a community hospital where he and his colleagues worked through the toughest days of the COVID-19 pandemic. |

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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Learn more about Encephalitis / encephalopathy

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is encephalitis / encephalopathy?

Encephalitis and encephalopathy are conditions that the brain which can result in permanent brain damage. Encephalitis refers to inflammation of the brain, while encephalopathy is a broad term referring to any disease or disorder of the brain. There are a several causes which can lead to these conditions, the most common ones being infections, trauma, metabolic problems, drugs and lack of oxygen to the brain.

Symptoms of encephalitis / encephalopathy

  • Fever

  • Speech that does not make sense, or behavior that is strange

  • Headache

  • Personality change

  • Weakness in arms or legs

  • Loss of appetite

  • My brain is not functioning right now

  • Stiff, rigid muscles causing difficulty bending joints

Questions your doctor may ask to check for encephalitis / encephalopathy

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose encephalitis / encephalopathy

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Do people around you feel like you are speaking incoherently or acting irrationally?

  • Do you have headaches or does your head feel heavy?

  • Do you feel your personality has changed?

  • Do you feel any weakness in your arms or legs?

Treatment for encephalitis / encephalopathy

Treatment depends on the cause of the brain condition. Medications to reduce inflammation, get rid of infection and slow the progression of brain damage and in some cases, surgery may be required. In case of seizures, anti-seizure medication is prescribed. Supportive treatment with fluids injected into the vein is required to keep the patient stable.

View the symptoms of Encephalitis / encephalopathy

Diseases related to Encephalitis / encephalopathy

Reviewed By:

Maxwell J. Nanes

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO (Emergency department)

Dr Nanes received a doctorate from the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine and went on to complete a residency in emergency medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin. There he trained at Froedtert Hospital and Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in the practice of adult and pediatric emergency medicine. He was a chief resident and received numerous awards for teaching excellence during his time there. | | After residency he took a job at a community hospital where he and his colleagues worked through the toughest days of the COVID-19 pandemic. |

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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