Encephalitis / encephalopathy quiz

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Shohei Harase

Medically Reviewed By:

Shohei Harase, MD

Neurology

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Learn more about Encephalitis / encephalopathy

Content updated on Jun 1, 2022

What is encephalitis / encephalopathy?

Encephalitis and encephalopathy are conditions that the brain which can result in permanent brain damage. Encephalitis refers to inflammation of the brain, while encephalopathy is a broad term referring to any disease or disorder of the brain. There are a several causes which can lead to these conditions, the most common ones being infections, trauma, metabolic problems, drugs and lack of oxygen to the brain.

Symptoms related to encephalitis / encephalopathy

  • Fever

  • Speech that does not make sense, or behavior that is strange

  • Headache

  • Personality change

  • Weakness in arms or legs

  • Loss of appetite

  • My brain is not functioning right now

  • Stiff, rigid muscles causing difficulty bending joints

Questions your doctor may ask to check for encephalitis / encephalopathy

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose encephalitis / encephalopathy

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Do people around you feel like you are speaking incoherently or acting irrationally?

  • Do you have headaches or does your head feel heavy?

  • Do you feel your personality has changed?

  • Do you feel any weakness in your arms or legs?

Treatment for encephalitis / encephalopathy

Treatment depends on the cause of the brain condition. Medications to reduce inflammation, get rid of infection and slow the progression of brain damage and in some cases, surgery may be required. In case of seizures, anti-seizure medication is prescribed. Supportive treatment with fluids injected into the vein is required to keep the patient stable.

View the symptoms of Encephalitis / encephalopathy

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Shohei Harase

Medically Reviewed By:

Shohei Harase, MD

Neurology

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