Femoral Head Necrosis Quiz

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Medically Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Respiratory medicine, Critical Care, Internal medicine

Tomohiro Hamahata

Tomohiro Hamahata, MD

Orthopedic surgery

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Learn more about Femoral head necrosis

Content updated on Jun 1, 2022

What is femoral head necrosis?

A condition where the top of the hip bone is damaged and dies out from poor blood supply. It can be caused by direct injury to the bone (e.g., a fracture or dislocation) or indirect injury (e.g., alcohol, smoking, medications, or radiotherapy).

Symptoms of femoral head necrosis

  • Joint pain

  • Hip pain

  • Difficulty moving the joint(s)

  • Taking steroids

  • Difficulty standing up from sitting position

  • On medications that suppresses the immune system

Questions your doctor may ask to check for femoral head necrosis

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose femoral head necrosis

  • Do you have any joint pain?

  • Do you have pain in your hip joints?

  • Are your joints stiff and difficult to move?

  • Are you currently taking steroids (e.g. Prednisolone, Hydrocortisone, Dexamethasone)?

  • Do you have difficulty in getting up from a chair on your own?

Treatment for femoral head necrosis

Early cases may be treated with medications. However, most patients will require surgery to repair the damage and regain their walking ability.

View the symptoms of Femoral head necrosis

References

  • Peng P, Nie Z, Sun F, Peng H. Glucocorticoids induce femoral head necrosis in rats through the ROS/JNK/c-Jun pathway. FEBS Open Bio. 2021 Jan;11(1):312-321. doi: 10.1002/2211-5463.13037. Epub 2020 Nov 30. PMID: 33190410; PMCID: PMC7780117.

    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2211-5463.13037

Medically Reviewed By:

Saqib Baig

Saqib Baig, MD, MS

Respiratory medicine, Critical Care, Internal medicine

Tomohiro Hamahata

Tomohiro Hamahata, MD

Orthopedic surgery

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