Cryptococcosis Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Caroline M. Doan, DO (Internal Medicine)

Dr. Doan received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from UCLA. Prior to obtaining her medical degree, she was involved in oncology clinical research at City of Hope, a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in southern California. She attended medical school at Touro University California, and completed her residency in Internal Medicine at Oregon Health & Science University. She is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine and holds an active medical license in several states. She currently works as a physician for Signify Health providing home-based health care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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Content updated on Mar 31, 2024

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How Ubie Can Help You

With an easy 3-min questionnaire , Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

Questions are customized to your situation and symptoms, including the following personal information:

  • Biological Sex - helps us provide relevant suggestions for male vs. female conditions.

  • Age - adjusts our guidance based on any age-related health factors.

  • History - considers past illnesses, surgeries, family history, and lifestyle choices.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • My eyes hurt when i move them

  • My body is jerking

  • Have a fever

  • Double vision in one eye

  • Whistling when I breathe

  • Twitching

  • My vision is not clear

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What is Cryptococcosis?

Cryptococcosis is a potentially life-threatening fungal infection caused by the Cryptococcus species. The main species causing illness in humans is Cryptococcus neoformans, while infections by Cryptococcus gattii are rarer. The fungus is typically found in soil, on decaying wood, in tree hollows, or in bird droppings. Infections are rare in healthy people; most cases occur in those with weakened immune systems, particularly those with advanced HIV/AIDS. Infection can appear in the lungs, presenting as pneumonia, and the brain, presenting as meningitis; in some cases, infection may not show any symptoms.

Typical Symptoms of Cryptococcosis

  • History of tuberculosis

  • Double vision

  • Seizure

  • Fever

  • Noisy breathing; e.g. wheezing, rattling

  • Headache

  • Pain over the back of my head

  • Attracted to others of the same sex

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Cryptococcosis

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Have you ever had tuberculosis?

  • Do you see double?

  • Have you had a seizure?

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Is your breathing noisy, like wheezing or rattling?

Treatmentof Cryptococcosis

Treatment involves antifungal medication to treat the infection and medications to reduce symptoms.

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Cryptococcosis

View the symptoms of Cryptococcosis

  • Double vision

  • Seizure

  • Fever

  • Wheezing

  • Headache

References

  • Maziarz EK, Perfect JR. Cryptococcosis. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2016 Mar;30(1):179-206. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2015.10.006. PMID: 26897067; PMCID: PMC5808417.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0891552015000951?via%3Dihub

  • Noguchi H, Matsumoto T, Kimura U, Hiruma M, Kusuhara M, Ihn H. Cutaneous Cryptococcosis. Med Mycol J. 2019;60(4):101-107. doi: 10.3314/mmj.19.008. PMID: 31787730.

    https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/mmj/60/4/60_19.008/_article

  • Setianingrum F, Rautemaa-Richardson R, Denning DW. Pulmonary cryptococcosis: A review of pathobiology and clinical aspects. Med Mycol. 2019 Feb 1;57(2):133-150. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myy086. PMID: 30329097.

    https://academic.oup.com/mmy/article/57/2/133/5133472

  • Henao-Martínez AF, Chastain DB, Franco-Paredes C. Treatment of cryptococcosis in non-HIV immunocompromised patients. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2018 Aug;31(4):278-285. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0000000000000458. PMID: 29738314.

    https://journals.lww.com/co-infectiousdiseases/Abstract/2018/08000/Treatment_of_cryptococcosis_in_non_HIV.4.aspx

  • Pennisi MG, Hartmann K, Lloret A, Ferrer L, Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, Egberink H, Frymus T, Gruffydd-Jones T, Hosie MJ, Lutz H, Marsilio F, Möstl K, Radford AD, Thiry E, Truyen U, Horzinek MC. Cryptococcosis in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. J Feline Med Surg. 2013 Jul;15(7):611-8. doi: 10.1177/1098612X13489224. PMID: 23813826.

    https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1098612X13489224

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Caroline M. Doan, DO (Internal Medicine)

Dr. Doan received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from UCLA. Prior to obtaining her medical degree, she was involved in oncology clinical research at City of Hope, a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in southern California. She attended medical school at Touro University California, and completed her residency in Internal Medicine at Oregon Health & Science University. She is certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine and holds an active medical license in several states. She currently works as a physician for Signify Health providing home-based health care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

From our team of 50+ doctors

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Cryptococcosis

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Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency Medicine

Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha Wisconsin, USA

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Internal Medicine

Signify Health

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Neurology

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Charles Carlson, DO, MS

Charles Carlson, DO, MS

Psychiatry

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Dale Mueller, MD

Dale Mueller, MD

Cardiothoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Associates

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN), Critical Care

Penn State Health

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