Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Quiz

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Learn more about Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick. It is most often caused by genes mutations in the heart muscle. These thickened heart muscles can become stiff, reducing the heart's ability to pump blood adequately.

Symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

  • Feeling faint

Questions your doctor may ask to check for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

  • Did you ever feel like you were going to faint?

Treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

There is currently no specific medication for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms and reducing the risk of complications with medications and lifestyle changes.

View the symptoms of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

  • Near syncope

References

  • Maron BJ, Maron MS. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Lancet. 2013 Jan 19;381(9862):242-55. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60397-3. Epub 2012 Aug 6. PMID: 22874472.

    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60397-3/fulltext

  • Maron BJ. Clinical Course and Management of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. 2018 Aug 16;379(7):655-668. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1710575. PMID: 30110588.

    https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMra1710575

  • Medical Masterclass contributors, Firth J. Cardiology: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clin Med (Lond). 2019 Jan;19(1):61-63. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.19-1-61. PMID: 30651247; PMCID: PMC6399630.

    https://www.rcpjournals.org/content/clinmedicine/19/1/61

  • Varma PK, Neema PK. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: part 1 - introduction, pathology and pathophysiology. Ann Card Anaesth. 2014 Apr-Jun;17(2):118-24. doi: 10.4103/0971-9784.129841. PMID: 24732610.

    https://www.annals.in/article.asp?issn=0971-9784;year=2014;volume=17;issue=2;spage=118;epage=124;aulast=Varma

  • Hensley N, Dietrich J, Nyhan D, Mitter N, Yee MS, Brady M. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a review. Anesth Analg. 2015 Mar;120(3):554-569. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000000538. PMID: 25695573.

    https://journals.lww.com/anesthesia-analgesia/Fulltext/2015/03000/Hypertrophic_Cardiomyopathy__A_Review.13.aspx

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