Sleep Myoclonus Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD (Neurology)

Dr Kummer is Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), with joint appointment in Digital and Technology Partners (DTP) at the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) as Director of Clinical Informatics in Neurology. As a triple-board certified practicing stroke neurologist and informaticist, he has successfully improved clinical operations at the point of care by acting as a central liaison between clinical neurology faculty and DTP teams to implement targeted EHR configuration changes and workflows, as well as providing subject matter expertise on health information technology projects across MSHS. | Dr Kummer also has several years’ experience building and implementing several informatics tools, presenting scientific posters, and generating a body of peer-reviewed work in “clinical neuro-informatics” – i.e., the intersection of clinical neurology, digital health, and informatics – much of which is centered on digital/tele-health, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. He has spearheaded the Clinical Neuro-Informatics Center in the Department of Neurology at ISMMS, a new research institute that seeks to establish the field of clinical neuro-informatics and disseminate knowledge to the neurological community on the effects and benefits of clinical informatics tools at the point of care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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Content updated on Mar 31, 2024

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What is Sleep Myoclonus?

Sleep myoclonus (or hypnic jerks) is characterized by involuntary muscle twitches that occur either as a person falls asleep or during sleep. It is not a disease but typically a normal phenomenon associated with sleep, and typically does not cause disruption of daily life or disability.

Typical Symptoms of Sleep Myoclonus

  • Whole body twitches or jerks when falling asleep

  • Whole body sometimes twitches or jerks when asleep

  • Feel a sensation of falling e.g. from a great height, just after falling asleep

  • Have dreams almost immediately after falling asleep

  • Seeing flashes or dazzling lights when falling asleep

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Sleep Myoclonus

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Do you twitch or jerk as you fall asleep?

  • Do you twitch or jerk while asleep?

  • Do you feel like you are falling from a great height after falling asleep?

  • Do you dream immediately after falling asleep?

  • Do you see flashes or lights when falling asleep?

Treatmentof Sleep Myoclonus

Sleep myoclonus is a normal (physiologic) phenomenon that typically does not require treatment.

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References

  • Kojovic M, Cordivari C, Bhatia K. Myoclonic disorders: a practical approach for diagnosis and treatment. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2011 Jan;4(1):47-62. doi: 10.1177/1756285610395653. PMID: 21339907; PMCID: PMC3036960.

    https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1756285610395653

  • Lugaresi E, Cirignotta F, Coccagna G, Montagna P. Nocturnal myoclonus and restless legs syndrome. Adv Neurol. 1986;43:295-307. PMID: 3946114.

    https://europepmc.org/article/med/3946114

  • Caviness JN, Truong DD. Myoclonus. Handb Clin Neurol. 2011;100:399-420. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52014-2.00031-8. PMID: 21496598.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/B9780444520142000318?via%3Dihub

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD (Neurology)

Dr Kummer is Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS), with joint appointment in Digital and Technology Partners (DTP) at the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) as Director of Clinical Informatics in Neurology. As a triple-board certified practicing stroke neurologist and informaticist, he has successfully improved clinical operations at the point of care by acting as a central liaison between clinical neurology faculty and DTP teams to implement targeted EHR configuration changes and workflows, as well as providing subject matter expertise on health information technology projects across MSHS. | Dr Kummer also has several years’ experience building and implementing several informatics tools, presenting scientific posters, and generating a body of peer-reviewed work in “clinical neuro-informatics” – i.e., the intersection of clinical neurology, digital health, and informatics – much of which is centered on digital/tele-health, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. He has spearheaded the Clinical Neuro-Informatics Center in the Department of Neurology at ISMMS, a new research institute that seeks to establish the field of clinical neuro-informatics and disseminate knowledge to the neurological community on the effects and benefits of clinical informatics tools at the point of care.

Shohei Harase, MD

Shohei Harase, MD (Neurology)

Dr. Harase spent his junior and senior high school years in Finland and the U.S. After graduating from the University of Washington (Bachelor of Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology), he worked for Apple Japan Inc. before entering the University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine. He completed his residency at Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, where he received the Best Resident Award in 2016 and 2017. In 2021, he joined the Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, specializing in hyperacute stroke.

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