Leg Cramps Quiz

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Reviewed By:

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (Family Medicine)

Dr.Patel serves as Center Medical Director and a Primary Care Physician at Oak Street Health in Arizona. She graduated from the Zhejiang University School of Medicine prior to working in clinical research focused on preventive medicine at the University of Illinois and the University of Nevada. Dr. Patel earned her MSc in Global Health from Georgetown University, during which she worked with the WHO in Sierra Leone and Save the Children in Washington, D.C. She went on to complete her Family Medicine residency in Chicago at Norwegian American Hospital before completing a fellowship in Leadership in Value-based Care in conjunction with the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management, where she earned her MBA. Dr. Patel’s interests include health tech and teaching medical students and she currently serves as Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Arizona School of Medicine.

Scott Nass, MD, MPA, FAAFP, AAHIVS

Scott Nass, MD, MPA, FAAFP, AAHIVS (Primary Care)

Dr. Nass received dual medical degrees from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and Charles R. Drew University in Medicine and Science. He completed Family Medicine residency at Ventura County Medical Center with subsequent fellowships at Ventura, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, George Washington University, and University of California-Irvine. He holds faculty appointments at Keck School of Medicine of USC, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, and Western University of Health Sciences.

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Content updated on Mar 31, 2024

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How Ubie Can Help You

With an easy 3-min questionnaire , Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

Questions are customized to your situation and symptoms, including the following personal information:

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  • Age - adjusts our guidance based on any age-related health factors.

  • History - considers past illnesses, surgeries, family history, and lifestyle choices.

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

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What is Leg Cramps?

Leg cramps are episodes of sudden pain in leg muscles caused by involuntary contractions (shortening) of the leg muscle. Most leg cramps happen in the calf muscles and, less commonly, in the feet and thighs.

Typical Symptoms of Leg Cramps

  • Muscle pain

  • Leg muscle pain

  • Leg cramps

  • Pain when exerting physically e.g. climbing the stairs

  • History of diabetes or pre-diabetes

  • Dry Mouth

  • Numbness or abnormal sensation

  • Kidney failure on dialysis

Doctor's Diagnostic Questionson Leg Cramps

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this disease:

  • Do you have muscle pain?

  • Do your shins or calf muscles hurt?

  • Have you experienced leg cramps lately?

  • Does pain improve with rest but worsen with movement?

  • Have you ever been diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes?

Treatmentof Leg Cramps

Stretching, massaging, or applying heat or cold may provide relief. Some medications may help prevent recurrent leg cramps, depending on the underlying condition.

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References

  • Young G. Leg cramps. BMJ Clin Evid. 2015 May 13;2015:1113. PMID: 25970567; PMCID: PMC4429847.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4429847/

  • Allen RE, Kirby KA. Nocturnal leg cramps. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Aug 15;86(4):350-5. PMID: 22963024.

    https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2012/0815/p350.html

  • Young G. Leg cramps. BMJ Clin Evid. 2009 Mar 26;2009:1113. PMID: 19445755; PMCID: PMC2907778.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2907778/

  • Muscle Cramp - Mayo Clinic

    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/muscle-cramp/symptoms-causes/syc-20350820

User Testimonials

Reviewed By:

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (Family Medicine)

Dr.Patel serves as Center Medical Director and a Primary Care Physician at Oak Street Health in Arizona. She graduated from the Zhejiang University School of Medicine prior to working in clinical research focused on preventive medicine at the University of Illinois and the University of Nevada. Dr. Patel earned her MSc in Global Health from Georgetown University, during which she worked with the WHO in Sierra Leone and Save the Children in Washington, D.C. She went on to complete her Family Medicine residency in Chicago at Norwegian American Hospital before completing a fellowship in Leadership in Value-based Care in conjunction with the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management, where she earned her MBA. Dr. Patel’s interests include health tech and teaching medical students and she currently serves as Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Arizona School of Medicine.

Scott Nass, MD, MPA, FAAFP, AAHIVS

Scott Nass, MD, MPA, FAAFP, AAHIVS (Primary Care)

Dr. Nass received dual medical degrees from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and Charles R. Drew University in Medicine and Science. He completed Family Medicine residency at Ventura County Medical Center with subsequent fellowships at Ventura, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, George Washington University, and University of California-Irvine. He holds faculty appointments at Keck School of Medicine of USC, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, and Western University of Health Sciences.

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