Developmental Delays
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Reviewed By:

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (Family Medicine)

Dr.Patel serves as Center Medical Director and a Primary Care Physician at Oak Street Health in Arizona. She graduated from the Zhejiang University School of Medicine prior to working in clinical research focused on preventive medicine at the University of Illinois and the University of Nevada. Dr. Patel earned her MSc in Global Health from Georgetown University, during which she worked with the WHO in Sierra Leone and Save the Children in Washington, D.C. She went on to complete her Family Medicine residency in Chicago at Norwegian American Hospital before completing a fellowship in Leadership in Value-based Care in conjunction with the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management, where she earned her MBA. Dr. Patel’s interests include health tech and teaching medical students and she currently serves as Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Arizona School of Medicine.

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal Medicine)

Dr. Abe graduated from The University of Tokyo School of Medicine in 2015. He completed his residency at the Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Longevity Medical Center. He co-founded Ubie, Inc. in May 2017, where he currently serves as CEO & product owner at Ubie. Since December 2019, he has been a member of the Special Committee for Activation of Research in Emergency AI of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine. | | Dr. Abe has been elected in the 2020 Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia Healthcare & Science category.

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Content updated on Apr 4, 2024

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People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Growing more slowly than a typical child

  • Menstruation hasn't started even though I'm already more than 16 years old

  • All those around my age have had their voice change, except me

  • Growth slower than average

  • Worried because everyone around has had their period already but I haven't

  • All those around my age have pubic hair, except me

  • All the girls my age have had their period, except me

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About the Symptom

It refers to a child who has not gained the developmental skills expected of him or her, compared to others of the same age.

Possible Causes

Generally, Developmental delays can be related to:

  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

    Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) or sulfatide lipidosis is a rare genetic disease that leads to the progressive destruction of the nervous system and causes lipids to accumulate in cells, especially in the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. This buildup is due to a deficiency of an enzyme called sulfatides, which helps break down lipids.

  • Telangiectasia Ataxia

    Ataxia-telangiectasia is a rare, inherited disorder that affects the nervous system, immune system, and other body systems starting in childhood, typically before age 5. It causes progressive difficulty with coordinating movements (ataxia), increased risk of cancer and infections. The disorder is due to mutations in the ATM gene, which controls the production of an enzyme that regulates cell division after DNA damage.

  • Tics

    A condition where patients experience a strong, almost irresistible urge to perform an action like shaking their head, squeezing their eyes, or making a particular noise. Most tics improve with the transition to adulthood, but may persist for some. Known triggers include sleep deprivation, excitement, and stress.

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy
  • Sleep Disorder
  • Osteomalacia / Rickets

Related serious diseases

Sometimes, Developmental delays may be related to these serious diseases:

  • West Syndrome (Infantile Spasm)

    A type of epilepsy (recurrent seizures) that occurs in young children. These are more commonly called infantile spasms (IS) because they are seen most often in the first year of life, typically between ages 4 and 8 months. They often look like a sudden bending forward of the body with stiffening of the arms and legs lasting for one to two seconds; some children arch their backs as they extend their arms and legs. Spasms tend to happen when the infant wakes up, and often happen in many clusters, with hundreds of seizures per day. It results from damage to the developing brain, with various causes like chromosomal abnormalities (e.g. Down's syndrome), brain malformations, or brain infections.

Doctor's Diagnostic Questions

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this symptom:

  • Is your child's development delayed compared to peers?

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Find Similar Symptoms

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References

  • Developmental delay in children - Cleveland Clinic

    https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14814-developmental-delay-in-children

Reviewed By:

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc

Unnati Patel, MD, MSc (Family Medicine)

Dr.Patel serves as Center Medical Director and a Primary Care Physician at Oak Street Health in Arizona. She graduated from the Zhejiang University School of Medicine prior to working in clinical research focused on preventive medicine at the University of Illinois and the University of Nevada. Dr. Patel earned her MSc in Global Health from Georgetown University, during which she worked with the WHO in Sierra Leone and Save the Children in Washington, D.C. She went on to complete her Family Medicine residency in Chicago at Norwegian American Hospital before completing a fellowship in Leadership in Value-based Care in conjunction with the Northwestern University Kellogg School of Management, where she earned her MBA. Dr. Patel’s interests include health tech and teaching medical students and she currently serves as Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Arizona School of Medicine.

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal Medicine)

Dr. Abe graduated from The University of Tokyo School of Medicine in 2015. He completed his residency at the Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Longevity Medical Center. He co-founded Ubie, Inc. in May 2017, where he currently serves as CEO & product owner at Ubie. Since December 2019, he has been a member of the Special Committee for Activation of Research in Emergency AI of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine. | | Dr. Abe has been elected in the 2020 Forbes 30 Under 30 Asia Healthcare & Science category.

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