Dry Eye
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Reviewed By:

Ami Shah Vira, MD

Ami Shah Vira, MD (Ophthalmology)

Dr. Shah Vira grew up in Arizona. She moved to Chicago to complete a combined engineering and medical program at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) and Chicago Medical School. She completed a highly competitive two year dual fellowship in Neuro-ophthalmology and Oculoplastic at the highly regarded Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. Dr. Shah Vira specializes in surgical correction of the eyelids and eyebrows, eyelid malposition and tumors, excessive tearing, and conditions involving the orbit. In addition, she provides a variety of cosmetic procedures, including upper and lower eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty), brow lifts, and cosmetic injectables such as Botox cosmetic, and Xeomin.

Masashi Mimura, MD

Masashi Mimura, MD (Ophthalmology)

Dr. Mimura Graduated from the Osaka Medical College and obtained his ophthalmologist certification in 2007. He opened an outpatient clinic for oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery at Osaka Kaijo Hospital. Subsequently, he was appointed as the assistant professor at the Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, in 2014. He then served an international fellowship at the Department of Ophthalmology/Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgery, California State University, San Diego. Since then, he has been appointed as Lecturer in the Departments of Ophthalmology at Osaka Medical College and Toho University Medical Center Sakura Hospital. Dr. Mimura is currently the Director of Oculofacial Clinic Osaka, where he specializes in Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Content updated on Jan 4, 2023

About the symptom

Dry eye is a common condition that occurs when the tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for the eyes. Dry eyes can cause blurred vision, light sensitivity, and eye pain.

When to see a doctor

Seek professional care if you experience any of the following symptoms

  • Altered mental status (delirium)

  • Muscle weakness in the limbs

  • Eye pain

  • Numbness / sensory disorder

  • Jaundice

  • Easy bruising

  • Difficulty breathing / breathlessness

Possible causes

  • Sjogren syndrome

    An autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the organs that produce tears and saliva, resulting in dry eyes and dry mouth. In some cases, internal organs can also be gradually affected. Disease severity is highly variable.

  • Familial amyloid polyneuropathy

    Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAPs) are life-threatening, multisystem, inherited disorders where amyloid (an abnormal protein that can be deposited in any tissue) accumulates in nerve fibers and around nerves.

  • Corneal damage

    Corneal damage is an injury to the cornea, which is the transparent tissue covering the front of the eye.

  • Fibromyalgia
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Uveitis

  • Allergic rhinitis / allergic conjunctivitis (including spring catarrh)
  • Chronic pancreatitis

Questions your doctor may ask about this symptom

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this symptom

  • Are your eyes dry?

Other Related Symptoms

Symptoms from similar body parts

References

  • Rouen PA, White ML. Dry Eye Disease: Prevalence, Assessment, and Management. Home Healthc Now. 2018 Mar/Apr;36(2):74-83. doi: 10.1097/NHH.0000000000000652. PMID: 29498987.

    https://journals.lww.com/homehealthcarenurseonline/Fulltext/2018/03000/Dry_Eye_Disease__Prevalence,_Assessment,_and.3.aspx

  • Messmer EM. The pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of dry eye disease. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2015 Jan 30;112(5):71-81; quiz 82. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2015.0071. PMID: 25686388; PMCID: PMC4335585.

    https://www.aerzteblatt.de/int/archive/article/167472

  • Clayton JA. Dry Eye. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jun 7;378(23):2212-2223. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1407936. PMID: 29874529.

    https://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMra1407936

  • Buckley RJ. Assessment and management of dry eye disease. Eye (Lond). 2018 Feb;32(2):200-203. doi: 10.1038/eye.2017.289. Epub 2018 Jan 5. PMID: 29303149; PMCID: PMC5811740.

    https://www.nature.com/articles/eye2017289

  • Chan TCY, Chow SSW, Wan KHN, Yuen HKL. Update on the association between dry eye disease and meibomian gland dysfunction. Hong Kong Med J. 2019 Feb;25(1):38-47. doi: 10.12809/hkmj187331. Epub 2019 Jan 31. PMID: 30713149.

    https://www.hkmj.org/abstracts/v25n1/38.htm

Reviewed By:

Ami Shah Vira, MD

Ami Shah Vira, MD (Ophthalmology)

Dr. Shah Vira grew up in Arizona. She moved to Chicago to complete a combined engineering and medical program at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) and Chicago Medical School. She completed a highly competitive two year dual fellowship in Neuro-ophthalmology and Oculoplastic at the highly regarded Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. Dr. Shah Vira specializes in surgical correction of the eyelids and eyebrows, eyelid malposition and tumors, excessive tearing, and conditions involving the orbit. In addition, she provides a variety of cosmetic procedures, including upper and lower eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty), brow lifts, and cosmetic injectables such as Botox cosmetic, and Xeomin.

Masashi Mimura, MD

Masashi Mimura, MD (Ophthalmology)

Dr. Mimura Graduated from the Osaka Medical College and obtained his ophthalmologist certification in 2007. He opened an outpatient clinic for oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery at Osaka Kaijo Hospital. Subsequently, he was appointed as the assistant professor at the Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, in 2014. He then served an international fellowship at the Department of Ophthalmology/Oculoplastic and Reconstructive Surgery, California State University, San Diego. Since then, he has been appointed as Lecturer in the Departments of Ophthalmology at Osaka Medical College and Toho University Medical Center Sakura Hospital. Dr. Mimura is currently the Director of Oculofacial Clinic Osaka, where he specializes in Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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