Nosebleed

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Rohini R

Medically Reviewed By:

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

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Content updated on May 23, 2022

Description

A nosebleed is also known as epistaxis and occurs where there is blood loss from the inside of the nose. It is common and usually affects one nostril although it is possible to affect both nostrils.

When to See a Doctor

Seek professional care if you experience any of the following symptoms

  • Peripheral cyanosis

  • Muscle weakness in the limbs

  • Disorder of consciousness

  • Swelling of the affected area

  • Easy bruising

  • Violaceous / purpuric rash

  • Recent weight loss

  • Vomiting of blood

  • Melena (black stools)

  • Difficulty breathing / breathlessness

  • Dark purple rash on lower limbs

  • Gross hematuria

  • Head injury

Possible Causes

  • Epistaxis

    Nosebleed. The majority of nosebleeds come from the front of the nose, and are harmless. Triggers include dry, hot air and picking at the nose. In rare cases, epistaxis may be caused by tumors in the nose or clotting problems in blood.

  • von Willebrand disease (vWD)

    vWD is a blood disorder that impairs blood clotting. In people with vWD, a protein called von Willebrand factor either does not function properly, or insuffecient. It's a genetic condition that occurs due to inheriting an abnormal gene that codes for the production of von Willebrand factor in the body.

  • Hemophilia

    An inherited bleeding disorder in which blood is unable clot properly due to a reduced number of blood-clotting proteins (clotting factors), resulting in bleeding for longer than usual and even from slight injuries.

  • Immune thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Multiple myeloma (MM)
  • Yellow fever

  • Aplastic anemia

Related Serious Diseases

  • Leukemia

    Leukemia is cancer of the body's blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system. There are several types of leukemia but usually involves the white blood cells. The bone marrow produces an excessive amount of abnormal white blood cells. Some types of leukemia are more common in children, while others are more common in adults.

  • Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea

  • Sepsis

Questions your doctor may ask about this symptom

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this symptom

  • Are you having nose bleeding?

  • Do you have a fever?

  • Do you have headaches or does your head feel heavy?

  • Do you have pain in the face?

  • Do you have nose pain?

Other Related Symptoms

Symptoms from the same body system / part

Rohini R

Medically Reviewed By:

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

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