Uremia Quiz

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Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal medicine)

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Learn more about Uremia

Content updated on Sep 20, 2022

What is uremia?

Severe decrease in kidney function. There are many causes of this, from repeated damage due to infections, diabetes, high blood pressure to autoimmunity (body's immune system attacking itself).

Symptoms of uremia

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of appetite

  • Headache

  • Lumps under the skin

  • Feeling breathless

  • Easily fatigued

  • Swelling of any body part

  • Nausea or vomiting

Questions your doctor may ask to check for uremia

Your doctor may ask these questions to diagnose uremia

  • Do you feel fatigued?

  • Do you have less or no appetite, therefore eat less food?

  • Do you have headaches or does your head feel heavy?

  • Do you feel a lump/lumps under your skin?

  • Are you breathless or having hard time breathing?

Treatment for uremia

The main treatment is through replacing the kidney's "filtering" function. This can be done artificially through dialysis, or through a kidney transplant. In the meantime, specialists may prescribe medicines to control symptoms like itch and water retention.

View the symptoms of Uremia


  • Meyer TW, Hostetter TH. Uremia. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 27;357(13):1316-25. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra071313. PMID: 17898101.


  • Cozzolino M, Ciceri P. Ectopic Calcification in Uremia: Where Do We Stand? Blood Purif. 2020;49(6):641-642. doi: 10.1159/000506178. Epub 2020 Feb 19. PMID: 32074605.


  • Jankowski V, Günthner T, Herget-Rosenthal S, Zidek W, Jankowski J. Dinucleoside polyphosphates and uremia. Semin Dial. 2009 Jul-Aug;22(4):396-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2009.00588.x. PMID: 19708989.


  • Mischak H, Massy ZA, Jankowski J. Proteomics in uremia and renal disease. Semin Dial. 2009 Jul-Aug;22(4):409-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2009.00591.x. PMID: 19708992.


  • Teschan PE. On the pathogenesis of uremia. Am J Med. 1970 Jun;48(6):671-7. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9343(70)80001-8. PMID: 4911880.


Reviewed By:

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD (Internal medicine)

From our team of 50+ doctors

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

Ubie is supervised by 50+ medical experts worldwide

Shohei Harase

Shohei Harase, MD


Kameda Medical Center, Japan

Sanshiro Kato

Sanshiro Kato, MD

Emergency department

Kawai Clinic, Japan

Yu Shirai

Yu Shirai, MD


Yotsuya Yui Clinic, Japan

Yoshinori Abe

Yoshinori Abe, MD

Internal medicine

Co-founder of Ubie, Inc.

Rohini R

Rohini R, MD

Ear, nose, throat (ENT)

Bayshore Health Centre, India

Seiji Kanazawa

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN)

National Center for Child Health and Development, Japan

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