Testicular Pain

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Medically Reviewed By:

Jason Chandrapal

Jason Chandrapal, MD


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Content updated on Sep 6, 2022

About the symptom

Discomfort in the scrotum, a sac-like body part in men located below the penis and contains the testicles. There can be a many causes of scrotal pain. If it lasts longer than 2 hours then seek immediate medical attention as this could be serious.

When to see a doctor

Seek professional care if you experience any of the following symptoms

  • Scrotal or testicle pain

Possible causes

  • Varicocele

    A varicocele is a condition where the veins in your scrotum become enlarged. The exaxt cause is unknown, but experts believe that it may be due to defective valves in the veins within your scrotum. The valves regulate the flow of blood to and from the testicles. It may occur from compression of a vein by a nearby structures as well. Varicoceles may lead to decreased sperm production and quality.

  • Hydrocele

    A swelling of the scrotum caused by fluid collecting in the space around a testicle. It is common in newborns, in older boys and men, can be caused due to inflammation or injury.

  • Testicular tumor

    A testicular tumor is a lump or swelling on either testicle. The tumour may be benign, which doesn't spread to other parts of the body, or malignant, commonly known as cancerous, which means it can spread to other parts of the body. Testicular cancer is usually first seen as a pea-sized hard lump but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort or numbness in the affected testicle might be present.

Related serious diseases

  • Epididymitis

    Epididymitis is the swelling and inflammation of your epididymis, a tube at the back of the testicle that carries your sperm. Epididymitis is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, including sexually-transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.

  • Testicular torsion

Questions your doctor may ask about this symptom

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this symptom

  • Do you have pain in your scrotum?

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Developed by doctors.

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