Period Cramps
Free Symptom Checker
with Physician-supervised AI

Reviewed By:

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD (Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN), Critical Care)

Current Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellow with Dual board certification in Obstetrics & Gynecology and Critical Care Medicine. | 5+ years experience managing a general Ob/Gyn practice and working in the Intensive Care Unit. | Previously Physician Lead of a large single specialty practice with 8 Physicians and 10+ Advanced practitioners. | Member of the Society of Maternal Fetal Medicine Patient education committee. | Frequent Medscape Consult contributor.

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD (Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN))

Dr. Kanazawa graduated from the Niigata University Faculty of Medicine and received his Ph.D. from the Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine. He is working on the front line of the General Perinatal Center, including the Tokyo Tama General Medical Center and the National Center for Research in Fertility Medicine, where he provides maternal and fetal care and undertakes clinical research. At Ubie, Dr. Kanazawa has been designing the Ubie AI Symptom Checker and has taken on the role of general obstetrics and gynecology consultation at FMC Tokyo Clinic by providing fetal ultrasound and prenatal consultation.

From our team of 50+ doctors

Content updated on Apr 4, 2024

Following the Medical Content Editorial Policy

Worried about your symptoms?

Choose one to start our AI Symptom Checker.

It will help us optimize further questions for you.

Shiba

By starting the symptom checker, you agree to the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use

Find another symptom

How Ubie Can Help You

With an easy 3-min questionnaire, Ubie's AI-powered system will generate a free report on possible causes.

  • Trained and reviewed by 50+ doctors, our AI Symptom Checker utilizes data from 1,500+ medical centers

  • Questions are customized to your situation and symptoms

Your symptoms

Input your symptoms

Our AI

Our AI checks your symptoms

Your report

You get your personalized report

Your personal report will tell you

✔︎  When to see a doctor

✔︎  What causes your symptoms

✔︎  Treatment information etc.

People with similar symptoms also use Ubie's symptom checker to find possible causes

  • Feeling the pain associated with menstruation

  • Painful menstrual periods

  • Painful menstruation

  • My period is painful

Ubie Logo (White)

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

About the Symptom

Period cramps also known as menstrual cramps are a normal part of the regular menstrual cycle. Most women will have some pain and discomfort related to period bleeding that will resolve on its own in a few days. Heavier bleeding or severe pain that causes disturbance in day to day activities and missing school or work would be considered abnormal.

When to see a doctor

Seek professional care if you experience any of the following symptoms

  • Intermenstrual bleeding

  • Abnormal menstruation

  • Menstrual abnormality (duration or volume)

  • Low back pain

  • Pelvic pain

  • Lower abdominal pain

  • Abdominal pain

Possible Causes

Generally, Period cramps can be related to:

  • Functional Dysmenorrhea

    Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for pain with menstruation. For most women this is mild and tolerable, but for some it can be severe and cause interference in living their life and doing normal activities. Primary or functional dysmenorrhea means the common menstrual cramps/pain that recur with each cycle and is not due to other diseases. This pain is from the natural cramping of the uterus as it sheds it lining, and typically gets better after the first few days. Secondary dysmenorrhea is due to some problem within the reproductive system. Functional dysmenorrhea is usually diagnosed only after other investigations (e.g. ultrasound) do not find any abnormalities responsible for the pain.

  • Endometriosis

    A condition where endometrial cells (cells that line the womb) grow outside the uterus, typically near the ovaries or fallopian tubes. It is a common cause of pelvic pain, that can worsen with menstruation. The exact cause is unclear but there are several possible explanations, including the backward flow of menstrual blood into the abdominal cavity, immune system disorders, or transformation of normal abdominal cells. It is typically seen in reproductive aged women, and most often diagnosed in their 30's and 40's. It can cause infertility in some patients due to scarring of the fallopian tubes.

  • Cesarean Scar Syndrome

    This complication occurs in women who have had a cesarean section and the muscle layer of the uterus fails to heal properly in that area. Another name for this condition is cesarean scar defect or uterine niche. It can in some cases cause abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain, and infertility.

  • Migraine
  • Adenomyosis
  • Miscarriage
  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
  • Tension Headache
  • Uterine Fibroids
  • Uterine Malformation

Doctor's Diagnostic Questions

Your doctor may ask these questions to check for this symptom:

  • Do you experience severe period cramps?

  • Do you have headaches or a heavy feeling in your head?

  • Do you have chest pain?

  • Do you feel pain during sexual intercourse?

  • Do you feel that your abdomen or stomach is bloated?

Ubie Logo (White)

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

Find Similar Symptoms

Symptoms from similar body parts

References

Reviewed By:

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD (Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN), Critical Care)

Current Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellow with Dual board certification in Obstetrics & Gynecology and Critical Care Medicine. | 5+ years experience managing a general Ob/Gyn practice and working in the Intensive Care Unit. | Previously Physician Lead of a large single specialty practice with 8 Physicians and 10+ Advanced practitioners. | Member of the Society of Maternal Fetal Medicine Patient education committee. | Frequent Medscape Consult contributor.

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD

Seiji Kanazawa, MD, PHD (Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN))

Dr. Kanazawa graduated from the Niigata University Faculty of Medicine and received his Ph.D. from the Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine. He is working on the front line of the General Perinatal Center, including the Tokyo Tama General Medical Center and the National Center for Research in Fertility Medicine, where he provides maternal and fetal care and undertakes clinical research. At Ubie, Dr. Kanazawa has been designing the Ubie AI Symptom Checker and has taken on the role of general obstetrics and gynecology consultation at FMC Tokyo Clinic by providing fetal ultrasound and prenatal consultation.

From our team of 50+ doctors

User Testimonials

Ubie Logo (White)

Just 3 minutes.
Developed by doctors.

Ubie is supervised by 50+ medical experts worldwide

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Maxwell J. Nanes, DO

Emergency Medicine

Waukesha Memorial Hospital, Waukesha Wisconsin, USA

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Caroline M. Doan, DO

Internal Medicine

Signify Health

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Benjamin Kummer, MD

Neurology

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Charles Carlson, DO, MS

Charles Carlson, DO, MS

Psychiatry

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Dale Mueller, MD

Dale Mueller, MD

Cardiothoracic Surgery, Vascular Surgery

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Associates

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Ravi P. Chokshi, MD

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN), Critical Care

Penn State Health

View our medical experts